Learn about each acid and their composition. Definitions of the acid dissociation constant and pK a are given below the table. To teach students the formulas for some common acids and bases. var wf = document.createElement('script'); The word was coined to describe dietary substances that were effective at preventing scurvy, rickets, and other diseases because these substances were assumed to be amines. For example, butyric acid (CH3CH2CH2CO2H), is responsible for the smell of rancid butter, and the characteristic odor of sour milk and vomit is due to lactic acid [CH3CH(OH)CO2H]. Nitric Acid - HNO3 Nitrous Acid - HNO2 Hypochlorous Acid - HClO Chlorous Acid - HClO2 Chloric Acid - HClO3 Perchloric Acid - HClO4 Sulfuric Acid - H2SO4 Sulfurous Acid - H2SO3 Phosphoric Acid - H3PO4 Phosphorous Acid - H3PO3 Carbonic Acid - H2CO3 Acetic Acid - HC2H3O2 Oxalic Acid - H2C2O4 Boric Acid - H3BO3 Silicic Acid - H2SiO3 2H2O. All Inorganic-chemistry formulas and equations are listed here. Many variations of deuterated organic acids are available for simple deuterium exchange reactions or more involved kinetic experiments. Write the name of each binary covalent compound. 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At the end of the video students will be given some problems to … Pure acids and bases and their concentrated aqueous solutions are commonly encountered in the laboratory. Acids have the following characteristics. Their general formula is RCO2H, sometimes written as RCOOH: where R can be an alkyl group, an aryl group, or a hydrogen atom. Sulfite. The physiological importance of amines is suggested in the word vitamin, which is derived from the phrase vital amines. Some inorganic acids have been given non-systematic names containing the word "acid". Covalent inorganic compounds are named by a procedure similar to that used for ionic compounds, using prefixes to indicate the numbers of atoms in the molecular formula. Use the absolute value of the charge on each ion as the subscript for the other ion. They are either oxoacids or oxygenless and based on the number of hydrogen atoms they can be mono, di, or tribasic. Your email address will not be published. An acid is a substance that renders ionizable hydronium ion (H3O+) in its aqueous solution. The element farthest to the left in the periodic table is usually named first. Find an answer to your question List of inorganic compounds and their formulas 1. Name Formula Common Use Also remember; Hydrochloric acid: HCl: Pickling of steel: Gastric acid secreted by stomach mainly contains HCl. 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