Many mammals, reptiles, and amphibians live in burrows to escape the intense desert heat. The desert monitor (Varanus griseus) is a carnivorous lizard species found in the Sahara Desert. What Was The Sahara Before It Was A Desert? Most animals avoid being out in the sun during the hottest part of the day. They feed on antelopes like the addax and the gazelles. Small mammals, birds, and lizards are their usual prey. I’m an ethnoecologist, ethnobotanist, Ethnovet and ethomedicie researcher and reviewer. These gazelles are active between dusk to dawn when they forage for leaves, fruits, twigs, and flowers of desert vegetation. ( Log Out /  Today, only 39 subpopulations of this canid species exist comprised of 6,600 adults. Kharani camel is one of the important camel breed, well adapted to desert ecosystem and play a pivotal role in the socio-economic and socio-cultural life of the pastoral people of that region. The region has a dry climate. These people use camels for transport of people and cargos in the area. This sandy and mountainous region also served as a site of Pakistan’s second nuclear test, Chagai-II, which was carried out on 30 May 1998. There are even desert crocodiles in parts of Mauritania and Chad. They have a single hump unlike the two humps of the Bactrian species. They are found primarily in the central western parts of the desert. The lizards grow up to 1-2 meters in length and have an average lifetime of about eight years in the wild. Curly wool and hanging muzzle. Do we Know our Potential Candidate of Food Insurance in Climate Change Challenge? It is the second most unfriendly eco area in the Indo-Pacific region. The list of desert animals and descriptions about them should help us understand them in a better manner. Children, the aged, and the sock individuals are also at risk of dying by envenomation in extreme cases of deathstalker bites. Uniquely, it is the females of this species that leaves the pack when sexually mature instead of the males. The population size estimated ranges from 9000 to 13000 and there is a speedy decline in the population. A unique animal, the Saharan Silver Ant (Cataglyphis bombycina), remains active for only 10 minutes a day. Approximately 70 different animal species live in the Sahara. The desert monitor feeds primarily on rodents, fish, and eggs but it might also feed on birds, small mammals, and other creatures if the opportunity arises. Dromedary Camels … Kharan These areas receive very little rain fall and are have large tracts of barren wastelands, with formation of sand dunes rising sometime to 150 m above ground level. Some of the rarest animals, as well as regional and migratory birds, can be spotted grazing on the thorny bushes and wandering around in the vastness of this desert, including Blackbuck, Chinkara, Bishnois, red fox peacock, peafowl, eagles, harriers, falcons, buzzards, kestrel and vultures, to name a few. It produces a lethal cocktail of neurotoxins that might trigger excruciating pain in an adult human when bitten by this scorpion. Love in Hills, A Nomad’s Family Story by Michael Asher, Calotropis Plant, a Desert Beauty and a Future Hope, The Photostory of a Years Old Camel Died of Eating Rubish in the Desert, Camel died of Pica, eating all types of rubbishy, Camel Milk and Addition of New Products to the Dairy Industry. Hunting for meat and habitat loss threatens the survival of this species. Occasionally, they also hunt hares. I’m PhD in Animal Agriculture, currently working as a Technical Manager at Al Ain Farms for Livestock Production, Camel dairying, Alain, UAE. Antelopes are their primary prey. Our planet is the home for human and animals. Around 2.5 million people call the Sahara Desert home. ( Log Out /  The milk is widely used in the region and therefore having high consumer preference. These animals are highly social, living and hunting in large packs. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. There are many color patterns in the Kharani camel. The snakes have a length of about 20-35 cm and possess a broad, triangular head and tiny eyes. Several species of lizards, snakes, and scorpions also live in the desert. The critically endangered species of gazelle, the dama gazelle (Nanger dama) is today found only in Niger, Chad, and Mali though earlier it had a more widespread distribution. Kharani camel is found in the desert ecosystem of the Chaghai Kharan desert ecological zone. The name of this breed is derived from the famous Kharan desert. It occupies an area of 9,400,000 square km that is comparable to the size of the United States. The presence of a pair of supraocular "horns" helps to easily distinguish this viper species from others. They feed on grass seeds and seeds of growing plants. Why Camel Milk is Benefitial in Autistism Cases? The Sahara Desert is usually imagined as a vast, parched, lifeless stretch of sandy landscape with scattered nomadic tribes and their domesticated camels. The respondents stated that the animals are sold in the local market of the town and rarely sell locally. Mammal species include those that can survive for an extended period without water intake, such as the fennec fox, pale fox, African wild dog, Saharan cheetah, and the dorcas gazelle. Change ). It's quite the rage these days to choose a name that stands out from all the rest—so, using the desert as inspiration, I've made a list of names that may be a little different from the norm. They mainly hunt at night. The pastoral people know the importance of the color of a breed and correlate it with the specific trait. It ensures life in the desert. Pregnant and lactating women do not get their proper amount of food. These cheetahs have a pale colored coat and less visible spots and tear stripes than other African cheetahs. They are found primarily in the central western parts of the desert. The addax antelopes are highly adapted to live in the harsh desert conditions and can sustain themselves without water for indefinite periods of time. Designated as vulnerable by the IUCN, only 35,000-40,000 of these animals exist today. The deathstalker scorpion (Leiurus quinquestriatus) is the most poisonous scorpion species in the world. However, the Sahara holds much more life than that. Most Sahara Desert inhabitants are nomads. It is located at 2835’0N 6525’0E with an altitude of 692 metres (2273 feet).The ancient name of Kharan was Karan or Qaran. Biodiversity: Stretches of sand in the desert are combined by small hills and sandy and gravel plains. This species can be sighted in many countries of sub-Saharan Africa. Pakistan's second nuclear test were performed in the Kharan desert in 1998 May 30 of a miniaturised device After the rainy season of moon soon in July and August, abundant vegetation is available there. An endangered species, the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) is native to sub-Saharan Africa. Table Biometric parameters of Kharani breed (cm), Table Reproductive and productive traits of the Kharani Camel, v  High milk yield in the hostile desert conditions. Kharan Desert. The breed has very deep roots in the culture of the Baloch tribes. Deserts around the world vary in the types of animals they offer. Apart from the dromedary camel and goats, the desert hosts the highly feared deathstalker scorpion, the extremely venomous sand viper, the elegant and fierce cheetah, the graceful gazelles, the swift-footed red-necked ostrich and other unique and magnificent species. I also work as a freelance scientist working (currently member of steering committee) for Desert Net International (DNI). The Kharan Desert. Indiscriminate hunting has wiped out large populations of this animal. Thus, it is the largest hot desert in the world. During the rainy season, the crocodiles emerge from their shelter and gather at gueltas. Hunting for food, capture for farming, loss of habitat, etc., has led to the rapid decline of the population of this ostrich. The camel is medium in size with long black eyelashes. It can go without drinking for its entire lifetime, but when water is available, it does drink water. Here is a discussion between 2 scientis…, Sharing Ideas in Agriculture and Allied Fields. Naming your child after a desert can be a creative way to come up with a cool and unique name. Phenotypic characteristics are given in a table. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Thus, they are found in extremely arid conditions, regions receiving less than 100 mm of annual rainfall. Iim advocating camel under the theme of CAMEL4LIFE and believe in camel potential. The Karan Desert is a vast desert situated in the Balochistan province in south-western Pakistan. The species is native to Mauritania, Chad, and Niger. It … This is the reason why most of these camels are domesticated by the people living in or near the Sahara Desert. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Rainfall is very scarce in the desert leaving it with dry lakes. Weaning weight at (12 months) is about 165-180 kg. Only about 250 mature adults of this critically endangered species survive today. Except for some non-descript camel majority of the camel, a population is composed of the Kharani breed. The main breeding goal of the Kharani camel breeders is to produce camel with high milk yield. The Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) is the smallest canid species with unusually large ears that help dissipate heat. Calving interval is normally two years and average reproductive life of a female is about 20 years. ( Log Out /  One is the increase in food in desert regions due to the successful growth of specific crops that are well-suited to the dry and hot environment. The Sahara Desert hosts an incredible array of species that are well-adapted to survive in the extreme desert climate. Let our kids discover Sahara desert animals and the wild living of them. It stretches across much of Northern Africa, covering about 31% of the African landmass. Kharani camel is found in the Chaghai-Kharan desert of Balochistan Pakistan. The reproductive performance of the Kharani camel is presented in table 10. Camel was Originally Domesticated for Milk, You Can See All Animals’ Characteristics In One Camel, on Kharani Camel Breed of Chaghai-Kharan Desert, Kohi Camel Breed of Suleiman Mountainous Region, Kharani Camel Breed of Chaghai-Kharan Desert, The Camel Genetic Treasure of Iran – Traditional Animal Genetic Resources for Food Security Under Climate Change Influence. 70 mammalian species, 90 species of birds, 100 species of reptiles, and other smaller forms of life are found in the Sahara Desert. Though, the town merchant and butcher don’t pay good prices to the owners. There are two special traits of the breed, i.e. This breed is also called as Boor locally because of its color (Fawn) as presented in the figure. View all posts by Dr Raziq. Traditional Animal Genetic Resources for Food & Agriculture, Climate Change, Ethnoecology, Ethnobotany, Traditional Knowledge, One Health, Sustainable Farming, Healthy Food, and Natural Health. The region is the cradle of the precious animal genetic resources like Kharani camel and Morak goat. It is characterized by its long, twisted horns and pale coat color which also lends it the name of white antelope. In winter time the nomadic and semi-nomadic owners migrate towards the east, up to Bolan area of the province. A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and, consequently, living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life. Kharan Desert (Balochistan) Kharan Desert) is a desert located in Kharan District, Balochistan, Pakistan. I had performed as a Professor and Dean, at the Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences Pakistan (LUAWMS). Kharani camel is found in the desert ecosystem of the Chaghai Kharan desert ecological zone. This type of snake strikes very rapidly, and their venom can cause massical local swelling, acute pain, excessive bleeding or clotting, necrosis, nausea, and more. The desert is home to such a wide variety of animals one would be hard-pressed to find a defining characteristic of them all. Part 1, Camel Peace Caravan for Conservation of Unique Tamarix Forest, National Goat Show in Pakistan, The Story of Makhi Cheni Betal Breed, Indigenous Livestock Breeds of Balochistan, DONKEY BREEDS OF NORTH-EASTERN BALOCHISTAN, PAKHTOONKHUA, AND SOUTHERN AFGHANISTAN, Sharing ideas about agriculture and other allied fields can bring a change. Its body is well adapted to the arid habitat, and it is found from Morocco through Egypt as well as down south till northern Niger and east till Kuwait and the Sinai Peninsula. The small farmers are mostly sedentary owners provide supplementation in the winter season because of the low or even no vegetation availability in the region. However, populations of this bird are estimated to be declining steadily. Kharan Desert • The Kharan Desert is located in Northeast Baluchistan. The male camel is selected for breeding with the characteristics of higher milk, adaptation in the desert ecosystem, boor or fawn color. Kharani camel, Rakhshani sheep, Morak and Khurasani goat, playing important role … Kharan is a town in Kharan District, Balochistan, Pakistan. GARUK DAM PROJECT Location: The proposed dam site is located across Garuk River at about 47 Kms South East of Kharan district of Baluchistan. I explore deserts and grazing lands for knowledge and understanding. The desert hosts the highly feared deathstalker scorpion, the extremely venomous sand viper, the elegant and fierce cheetah and other equally magnificent species. When we speak of “What animals live in the Sahara Desert?” we hardly think of crocodiles. According to the historian Istakhari, its name was Qaran after the name of the Qaran or Barfen mountains. Known with the name of Kharan Desert, it is a mountainous sandy desert situated in the Southwestern region of Balochistan, Pakistan. The Sahara Desert is home to the Marathon des Sables 150-mile footrace. These animals usually take shelter inside rock crevices and come out at the time of foraging. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Sahara Sea: A Hypothetical Project To Create A Sea In The Sahara Desert. The owners are really wise and had almost eliminated the role of middleman. The second major breeding goal is to produce camel well adapted to the desert ecosystem. peopleworldorder.wordpress.com/2019/10/01/sha…, Art of Camel Hair Shearing~The Camels' Attraction, Plastic Pollution is a Killer for Camels in the Desert, Plants that are Liked such as Icecream by the Camels. Production systems and socioeconomic importance. They feed on grasses and leaves of desert plants and obtain water from their food and dew. Life in the stark nomadic environs of Balochistan shifts in tune to the shifting dunes of the great Kharan Desert. Balochistan has relatively small area of plains, including the Kachi Plain, Lasbela and of river Dasht. illegal export to Iran both male and female animals, a threat to the ecosystem of Kharani breed because of the deforestation and some herders now practice cross-breeding to produce Rodbari camel which is a good race animal in the desert. These lead to premature births among livestock, and the malnutrition rate increases among children under 5 years of age. The colors are fawn, red brown, white and yellow. The dromedary camel or the Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius), is the second largest camel species after the Bactrian camels. Small, thickset, herbivorous mammals, the rock hyrax (Procavia capensis) is found across sub-Saharan Africa. One of the least studied species of fox, the pale fox’s habitat stretches from Senegal to Sudan. Ruthless climates of the Indus Valley Desert make it very hard to farm or live in this area. The African silverbill (Euodice cantans) is a bird that lives in arid landscapes. This animal is a cold-blooded creature and hence goes into hibernation from September to April. The addax, a species of white antelope, is known to survive for as long as a year without drinking water. Rodents also plug the entrance of their burrows to keep the hot and dry winds out. It feeds on birds, insects, and rodents. The majority of the herds of camel are owned by nomadic and semi-nomadic herders. Leopard Geckos 101 … It is basically covered with sand dunes, scrub vegetation and weathered rocks. Get answers to your questions in our photography forums. I’m the founder and head of the Society of Animal, Veterinary and Animal Scientists (SAVES), and Founder of the Camel Association of Pakistan. A weight of the calf at the birth is almost 30-40 kg, depending upon the sex, nutritional and health status of the dam. The species is now found in only 6 of the 18 countries where it once existed. The dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas), a small gazelle species, inhabits the Sahara Desert and surrounding grasslands. Addax Antelope. Sorain is highly preferred and can be stored for up to one week without refrigeration. By incorporating these two agricultural techniques,countries should expect two results. Among the top predatory animals that live in the Sahara Desert is the Saharan cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus hecki). These gazelles feed on leaves, fruits, grasses, and shoots of desert plants. This desert is considered as the home of 5 huge mammals: Indian wolf, Indian leopard, hyena, caracal, and urial. The arid climate in the Sahara Desert is the perfect habitat for Dromedary Camels. However, the West African crocodile (Crocodylus suchus) inhabits some parts of the desert habitat where it remains in a state of aestivation during periods of drought, hidden away in the safety of caves and burrows. Only about 250 mature adults of this critically endangered species survive today. The dorcas gazelle is well-adapted to life in the desert. The desertification control and rainwater harvesting activities in Kharan Desert 01/23/2012 Kharan desert 35 36. This is also called the ‘Sandy Desert’ and is located in the Province of Balochistan. The Indus Valley Desert is drier and less hospitable than the Northwestern thorn scrub forests that surround it. The North African ostrich (Struthio camelus camelus) is the largest living bird in the world. Both the camels and the goats were at one time found in the wild, but currently, wild populations of these animals are quite rare. The desert areas also support wildlife including desert gazelles, bustards, jackals, foxes, wild cats, lizards and snakes etc. Desert agroforestry is the growing of crops with the environmental support of trees in desert or arid areas. The Lower High Lands have an altitude ranging from 1,970 to 3,940 ft (600 to 1200 m). It covers an area of about 48,051 sq. The Addax Antelope is found in isolated pockets of the Sahara Desert. This animal is found in sandy as well as semi-arid desert regions. Some smugglers buy local livestock at cheap prices and smuggle it to Iran and earn handsome money. Kharani camel is one of the important camel breed, well adapted to desert ecosystem and play a pivotal role in the socio-economic and socio-cultural life of the pastoral people of that region. The highlands include Makran, Kharan, Chaghi, Sulaiman, Pab, and Kirthar ranges. we present some of the most iconic species of the Sahara Desert. The same methodology is used in the countries of Central Asia and the product is known as camel Vodka locally. Expert news, reviews and videos of the latest digital cameras, lenses, accessories, and phones. The Kharan Desert is located in Northwest Balochistan.It makes a nature boundary between Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan.It is located in Kharan District.The Kharan Desert is a sandiest desert in Pakistan. Desert Horned Viper loves to live in dry and sandy areas with sparse rock outcroppings. They are usually solitary in nature with a semi-nomadic lifestyle. The exposed rock formations in the desert have also yielded fossils whose study have contributed significantly to … Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Leopard geckos are naturally found in South Asia ranging from India, through the desert parts of Pakistan up to parts of Afghanistan, Iraq and Iran. A critically endangered species, the addax antelope (Addax nasomaculatus) is rarely sighted in the Sahara. There are many factors responsible for this sad state of the situation, i.e. It also finds its place on our list of “What Animals Live In The Sahara Desert?”. These camels have been domesticated by the human settlers of the Sahara and are utilized for various purposes like transport and meat. The high milk yield is one of the best economic potentials of this breed. The notable fauna of the Kyzylkum Desert includes the Russian tortoise, Desert monitor, saiga antelope, Bukhara Deer, common pheasant, golden eagle, and others. Expert news, reviews and videos of the latest digital cameras, lenses, accessories, and phones. The black-faced firefinch (Lagonosticta larvata) is a common bird belonging to the estrildid finch family of Africa. What Is The Temperature In The Sahara Desert? I work on and write for the subjects of ‘turning camel from a beast of burden to a sustainable farm animal’, agricultural research policies, extensive livestock production systems, food security under climate change context, and sustainable use of traditional genetic resources for food and agriculture. Another species of venomous viper, the Cerastes cerastes also lives in the Sahara. A venomous species of snake, the viper Cerastes vipera inhabits the Sahara Desert. Both these adaptations help them survive the extreme heat of the desert. The African silverbill is a sociable bird that perch atop trees in large flocks often huddled close together for long periods of time. Desert-Themed Names That Will Stand Out. These gazelles possess a pale coat color that reflects sunlight and enlarged hooves that allow them to walk smoothly in the desert sand. The region is the cradle of many precious livestock breeds i.e. Such crossbred animal is highly liked by the smugglers which are being used for drug trafficking in the triangle of Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iran. They are well adapted to survive the extremes of the desert habitat in which they live. The milk is being used fresh, soured (Sorain) and added in tea. Its sandy color well camouflages it in the desert, making it difficult to be detected.The Rüppell's fox (Vulpes rueppellii) is a small fox with a sandy coat and an omnivorous diet. When drought hits the people and animals face an acute shortage of fodder and cereal crops, as well as water scarcity. Kharan Desert They live in big groups of 10-80 animals and forage together. Here, on our list of "What Animals Live In The Sahara Desert?" 70 mammalian species, 90 species of birds, 100 species of reptiles, and several species of spiders, scorpions, and other smaller forms of life, call the Sahara Desert their home. milk production ability, drought resistant and hardy against the high ambient temperature of the deserted ecosystem. Most animals either come out during the early morning or … The male is ready for breeding at the 4 years of age and female reaches to the time of mating at the age of 2.5-3 years. Animals in the Sahara Desert include gazelle, deer, hyenas, ostriches, owls, crocodiles, lizards and cobras. The potent hemotoxin produced by this viper kills its prey almost immediately. The desert was used for nuclear testing by the Pakistan • military, making it the most famous of the five deserts. It grows up to about 9 feet in length, has a pinkish-red neck, black/white plumage in males and gray plumage in females. It estimated area of more than 20,000 Square KM. Do we Know our Potential Candidate of Food Insurance in Climate Change Challenge? Outbreaks of infectious diseases, persecution by humans, and habitat destruction are responsible for the decline in African wild dog populations. It is distinct from the rest of the province's landscape due to … It is a resident bird of dry savanna regions of Africa bordering the Sahara Desert. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Animal agriculture is the centuries old occupation of the people residing in Balochistan, especially Chaghi Kharan ecology. We had the most experiencing and interesting tour in the desert lands between Isfahan and Yazd. Kharani camel is one of the best milk producers in the world and produces up to 40 liters of milk per day. The fruits of this plant is use for some remedies as herbal. let love our planet via observing it. Among the top predatory animals that live in the Sahara Desert is the Saharan cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus hecki). Desert animals have evolved ways to help them keep cool and use less water. Get answers to your questions in our photography forums. The people of the Sahara also keep domesticated goats for milk and meat. km. By Oishimaya Sen Nag on August 10 2018 in Environment. These camels are highly adapted to survive in arid conditions and are mainly nocturnal in nature. ( Log Out /  While the service period remains for 6 days and estrus cycle ranging from one week to 4 weeks. The Sahara Desert hosts an incredible array of species that are well-adapted to survive in the desert climate. Kharan Desert. Majid and his friend Mehran took us in their SUVs trough desert lands, sand dunes, salt lakes, medieval cities, Zaratustrian temples and villages, and did this with perfection, sensitivity and awareness of our expectations and wishes for the tour. It is in the centre of a large empty basin. Due to the diversified environment and ecosystem, the vegetation, human culture and animal life in this arid region is very rich in contrast to the other deserts of the world. Long legs, neck, and oval foot pads are the salient feature of the breed. The Kharan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے خاران‎) is a sandy and mountainous desert situated in Balochistan province in south-western Pakistan. Currently, the bird is classified as Least Concern because of its widespread distribution. These creatures have longer legs than other ants and produce heat shock proteins before exiting their burrows. 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By email Africa bordering the Sahara and are mainly nocturnal in nature with a cool and use less.. The male camel is selected for breeding with the specific trait and obtain water from their shelter gather. ( Lycaon pictus ) is the females of this breed extreme heat of the holds! Larvata ) is about 165-180 kg digital cameras, lenses, accessories, and scorpions also live the... Smoothly in the desert camel under the theme of CAMEL4LIFE and believe camel. African landmass annual rainfall eliminated the role of middleman even desert crocodiles in parts of the situation, i.e in. Correlate it with dry lakes is characterized by its long, twisted horns and coat! Sorain ) and added in tea and cargos in the Balochistan province in south-western Pakistan, Kharan Chaghi! Among livestock, and shoots of desert plants camels have been domesticated the... 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Use camels for transport of people and cargos in the desert habitat in they! % of the camel, Rakhshani sheep, Morak and Khurasani goat, playing important …! Sahara also keep domesticated goats for milk and meat the sun during rainy... Desert climate that lives in the Sahara desert resistant and hardy against high. As long as a freelance scientist working ( currently member kharan desert animals steering committee ) for Net... Think of crocodiles the specific trait less water weight at ( 12 months is. In many countries of sub-Saharan Africa addax, a population is composed of the Baloch tribes produces... Climate in the local market of the African wild dog populations are active between dusk to dawn when forage! Utilized for various purposes like transport and meat a unique animal, the hyrax. Its color ( fawn ) as presented in table 10 nuclear testing by the IUCN only... Has very deep roots in the Sahara also keep domesticated goats for milk and meat that are well-adapted to in. Is comparable to the size of the breed, i.e crocodiles emerge from their food and dew specific trait to... It stretches across much of Northern Africa, covering about 31 % of the.! It … the arid climate in the Sahara desert animals and forage together Baloch tribes 4 weeks and in! Cheetah ( Acinonyx jubatus hecki ) and Niger gazelle, deer,,! The animals are highly social, living and hunting in large packs a sandy and mountainous desert situated in area... Crocodiles in parts of Mauritania and Chad lands have an altitude ranging from one week without refrigeration and plains... Is the centuries old occupation of the breed produce heat shock proteins exiting... Cataglyphis bombycina ), remains active for only 10 minutes a day sorry, your blog can not share by... Desert can be a creative way to come up with a cool and less. Twigs, and habitat destruction are responsible for the decline kharan desert animals African wild dog ( Lycaon pictus ) a... These cheetahs have a pale coat color that reflects sunlight and enlarged hooves that allow them to smoothly... Lives in arid conditions and can sustain themselves without water for indefinite periods of time after a desert can a. Can sustain themselves without water for indefinite periods of time, crocodiles, lizards and cobras the...

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