The Bolsheviks were totally opposed to private property. Question 3. Answer: Who ruled Russia and its empire in 1914? Extra Questions for Class 9th: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution History Abhishek 08 Sept, 2018 Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included Question 17. Together with the social Democrats and Socialist Revolutionaries, they worked with peasants and workers to demand a constitution. NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Since the profit of capitalists is produced by workers, so this profit should be shared by them. Question 9. There were few industries. (ii) The Bolshevik encouraged colonial peoples to follow their experiment. So, ace up your preparation with MCQ of Chapter 3 History Objective Questions. All political parties were illegal in Russia before 1914. How did centralised planning boost Russia in its economic growth? Question 10. They favoured the idea of private property and its concentration in the hands of a few. (All India 2017) or Explain any four sources to reconstruct the history of Mauryas, Examine the system of Mauryan administration. Collectivisation would mean that the peasant strip farms would be amalgamated and this would enable the sharing of resources such as machinery between the collective farms instead of the small peasant holdings. 11th History chapter have many topics. Some people wanted change but they wished for a gradual shift while some wanted to restructure society radically. By the 1950s it was acknowledged within the country that the style of government in the USSR was not in keeping with the ideals of the Russian Revolution. The bulk of land and implements were transferred to the ownership of collective farms. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. How was the year 1904 bad one for the Russian workers? What were the major changes that Stalin introduced in the field of agriculture through his collectivisation programme? How did Karl Marx view capitalists? Thus, Lenin played an important role in the Russian Revolution. Answer: Question 8. Mention the effects of this incident. The secret police punished those who criticised the Bolsheviks. Answer: The year 1904 worsened their situation because there was dramatic rise in prices of essential goods and the real wages declined by 20 per cent. But the nineteenth century, they accepted that some change was inevitable but believed that the past had to be respected and change had to be brought about through a slow process. CBSE Class 9 Social Science Notes History Chapter 2 SST Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution will seemingly, help them to revise the important concepts in less time. The Bolsheviks under their leader Lenin constituted a majority of the socialists. They thought that the time was not yet ripe for a socialist revolution and the provisional government needed to be supported. This provoked the workers to go on a strike. Explain the main features of the Mauryan administration. Question and Answer forum for K12 Students. Question 4. It brought men, women and children to factories. Collectivisation would end the scope of grain shortages and eliminate the influential and well-to-do farmers who were responsible for acute problem of grain supplies. Late in the day, the ship Aurora shelled the Winter Palace. Question 24. What triggered civil war in Russia? Important questions, guess papers, most expected questions and best questions from 11th History have CBSE chapter wise important questions with solution for free download in PDF format. How did the First World War on the ‘Eastern front’ differ from that on the ‘Western front’? Question 15. Answer: Dec 18, 2020 - Important Questions : Nazism and the Rise of Hitler, Class 9 | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. There was heavy fighting especially in Moscow. What was Lenin’s contribution in the Russian Revolution? (ii) Economic conditions: Before 1905, the vast majority of Russia’s people were agriculturists. Which incident came to be known as ‘Bloody Sunday’? What was Duma? How were peasants treated who resisted his programme? What were the drawbacks of the government in USSR that began to be highlighted in the 1950s? However, till 1914, Socialist never succeeded in forming a government in Europe. These will provide you with a rough idea about what type of questions you may come across in the exam and from which chapter. In France, Louis Blanc wanted the government to encourage cooperatives and replace capitalist enterprises. (iv) During 1918 and 1919, Socialist revolutionaries (the queens) and Pro-Tsarists (the whites) controlled most of the Russian Empire. Question 13. Robert Owen, a leading English manufacturer, sought to build a cooperative community called New Harmony in Indiana (USA). The date of event was kept a secret. They formed the Assembly of Russian workers whose membership rose dramatically. Question 18. What was the biggest drawback of the liberals? The liberals wanted a nation which tolerated all religions. Capitalists owned the capital invested in factories, and the profit of capitalists was produced by workers. Over 100 workers were killed and about 300 wounded. They went on a strike to fulfil their demands. They were also in favour of private property but disliked concentration of property in the hands of a few. Its industries and agriculture had developed and the poor were living a satisfactory life. As a result, trenches proved less effective. Most were innocent of the crimes, but no one spoke for them. Extra Questions Worksheet for CBSE Class 9 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution 2 nd Chapter History. It angered the whole Russia. Many people criticised the confusion in industrial production under the Planned Economy and the consequences of collectivisation Stalin and his sympathisers charged these critics with conspiracy against socialisation. How was society organised in Europe before the eighteenth century? As per your CBSE Class 9 syllabus, the India and the Contemporary World-1 (History) unit in Social Science covers topics such as Nazism, French Revolution, Colonialism and Social Revolution. Question 19. (i) Stalin headed the Bolshevik Party after the death of Lenin in 1924. So, they demanded that governments encourage cooperatives. Earlier, in the eighteenth century, conservatives had been generally opposed to the idea of change. Answer: Question 16. They set up funds to help members in times of distress. Question 28. Between 1929 and 1931, the number of cattle fell by one-third. We have focused on preparing you for the Class 9 exam based on CBSE syllabus. Answer: It was a war started by Germany during the Second World War, which resulted in the mass murder of selected groups of innocent civilians of Europe. Question 12. The party was divided over the strategy of organisation. Answer: From 1929, the Stalin forced all peasants to cultivate farms (kolkhoz). They were paid less than men. They also supported women’s suffragette movements. The mechanised equipment itself would enable the extraction of greater surpluses than the peasant strip farm. What different visions of the future had socialists? (ii) They wanted to safeguard the rights of individuals against government. Question 5. What was Stalin’s collectivisation programme? Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 with Answers from here. He was dead against the autocratic rule of the Tsar and wanted to topple his regime. Others had settled in cities permanently. The Bolshevik government came in power in 1917 under the leadership of Lenin. One day, four members of this association were dismissed at the Putilov Iron Works. Uprisings took place in other cities. Some were poor while others were rich. He did not want any questioning of his authority or any reduction in his power. It also develops skills for miscellaneous questions which are generally neglected by students. But Stalin’s collectiviasation programme did not bring the desired results. In the countryside, socialists formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900. This resulted in the breaking up of the Russian army. (i) Russia’s own industries were few in number and the country was cut off from other suppliers of industrial goods by German control of the Baltic Sea. Question 22. Or Question 2. They favoured a party which was open to all and to work within the system. Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist. The majority religion was Russian Orthodox Christianity but the empire also included Catholics, Protestants, Muslims and Buddhists. Socialists argued that individuals own the property that gave employment but the men with property were concerned only with personal gain and not with the welfare of those who made the property productive. Question 3. Class 9 Social Science Chapter - Wise Marks Weightage. Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Radicals opposed the privileges of great landowners and wealthy factory owners. (Imp) Answer: He also argued that the Bolshevik Party rename itself the Communist Party to indicate its new radical aims. He was dead against the autocratic rule of the Tsar and wanted to topple his regime. Answer: It was carried out by the Soviet Government in the late 1920s – early 1930s. The bulk of land and implements were transferred to the ownership of collective farm. Using this solution students will know all the possible questions which can come in the exam. How did the First World War affect the industry in Russia? They did want the vote for women. Even conservatives changed their outlook after the French Revolution. Craftsmen undertook much of the production, but large factories existed alongside craft workshops. The Russian civil war was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions (red) to determine Russia’s political future. They demanded a reduction of working hours and the right to vote. In February 1917, food shortages were deeply felt among the workers. You can practice the questions and check your answers from the solutions given after question question34s. They did not believe in Universal Adult Franchise, They felt men of property mainly should have the voting right. Students can get Class 9 Social Science NCERT Solutions, CBSE Class 9 Social Science Important Extra Questions and Answers designed by … Question 2. (ii) Stalin continued the policy of nationalisation initiated by Lenin. Here you can get Revision Notes for Class 9 Social Science. In cities, Bolsheviks enforced the partition of large houses according to family requirements. They were forced to work long hours at poor wages. 1.1 CBSE Class 12 History- Ancient India; 1.2 CBSE Class 12 History- An Imperial capital Vijayanagar; 1.3 CBSE Class 12 History- Bakthi Sufi traditions changes religious beliefs; 1.4 CBSE Class 12 History- Bricks breads and bones of Harrappan civilisation; 1.5 CBSE Class 12 History- Colonial cities urbanisation planning and architecture By practicing Class 9 History Chapter 2 MCQ with Answers, you can score well in the exam. It was an elected Consultative Parliament of Russia. So peasants, not the workers, would be the main force of revolution; and Russia could become socialist more quickly than other countries. Who advised the Tsar to abdicate? Russia became a one-party state. Very Short Answer Type Questions. Scroll down for Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution from NCERT Book Class 9 History Book & important study material. Socialism is a political and economic theory of social organisation which advocates that means of production, distribution and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. Politicians spoke out against the measure.Demonstrators returned in force to the streets of the left bank on the 26th. Class 8 History Chapter 2 Question Answers CBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory is given below updated for session 2020-21. Let the polynomial be f(x) = 5x – … CBSE Important Questions for Class 9 Science play an important role in students preparation. These three demands were Lenin’s ‘April Theses’. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. Suddenly, after the revolution, it seemed possible to change this. Socialists were against private property. Answer: Answer: (ii) Liberals in Russia were very active. And Long Type Questions. Question 2. Russia was losing the war at all fronts. It ordered its supporters to seize the government offices and arrest ministers. Question 30. Question 23. The social, economic and political conditions in Russia before 1905 was quite backward. Question 2. Who was Karl Marx? At that time the majority religion of Russia was Russian Orthodox Christianity. Answer: Answer: The food supply situation turned even worse in subsequent years because production did not increase immediately. (ii) The conditions of workers could not improve unless this profit was shared by them. 1 CBSE Class 12 History – Important Questions. Marx argued that industrial society was capitalist. Question 3. NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Mention one difference between liberals and radicals. The Russia Social Democratic Workers Party was founded in 1898 by socialists who were inspired by Marx’s ideas. In Germany, these associations worked closely with the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and helped it win parliamentary seats. What were the ideas of conservatives about the societal change? Answer: So if a society as a whole rather than single individuals controlled property, more attention would be paid to collective social interests . The February revolution was not led by any political party but people themselves led it. The condition of workers in Russia was deplorable. In the world socialist movement too it was recognised that all was not well in the Soviet Union. Several among them were talented professionals. (iv) The incident of Bloody Sunday made the situation worst. They resisted the authorities and destroyed their livestock. (Imp) (i) In the west, armies fought from trenches stretched along eastern France. Question 3. Students can download Class 10 History Chapter 2 The Extension of the British Rule Important Questions, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Social Science Important Questions and Answers helps you to revise the complete Karnataka State Board Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations. (i) Some believed in the idea of cooperatives. It gives an idea of what types of questions can be framed in the examination. Other vessels sailed down the river Neva and took over various military points. Which group in Europe looked to change society? In April 1917, he returned to Russia from his exile and took over power. The Menshevik group thought that the party should be open to all. This was a direct blow on the Tsarist power which ultimately collapsed. The eastern front was mainly Russia and it was colder. Socialism encourages cooperatives which are associations of people who produces goods together and divide the profit according to the work done by members. What were the reasons of the Russian civil war between the Bolsheviks and the Russian army of non-Bolsheviks? All these forces were worried at the growth of socialism in Russia. Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in 1914. Major countries of First World War (Central powers and Allied powers). They demanded that governments encourage cooperatives. He wanted the war to be brought to a close, land to be transferred to the peasants, and banks to be nationalized. What was Lenin’s contribution in the Russian Revolution? Or (iv) Lenin succeeded in overthrowing the Provisional Government and in establishing a communist rule in Russia. Frustrated workers could not sit idle. The Military Revolutionary Committee acted swiftly. Trade unions became active and their number grew. How did the outlook of conservatives change after the French Revolution? They favoured a disciplined party, to control the members and quality of its members. Class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 has the highest weightage and is the most important chapter. Their leaders moved to south Russia and organised troops to fight the Bolsheviks (the reds). Coal production doubled and iron and steel output quadrupled. The values associated with this are: On an outline map of the world, locate and label the following: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The fourth Duma was also of limited political influence. Question 4. On 25 February, the government suspended the Duma. Stalin’s collectivisation policy angered the peasants. The NCERT History Books are based on the latest exam pattern and CBSE syllabus. What kind of nation did the radicals want? Land and other means of production were declared the property of the entire nation. There was acute employment problem among the workers. Answer: Russian army lost badly in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916. Question 10. His efforts brought down the Tsarist regime in Russia and freed people from his (Tsar’s) corruption. Answer: Military commanders advised the Tsar to abdicate. ways: After September 1914 the front remained relatively unchanged until the end of the war in 1918. Question 32. They argued for a representative, elected parliamentary government, a subject to laws interpreted by a well-trained judiciary that was independent of rulers and officials. Most of the trade unions and committees were declared illegal. By night, the city was under the committee’s control and the ministers had surrendered. So, they (socialist revolutionaries) kept themselves active to protect the peasants’ interests. On this page, you will find NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 2 Notes Pdf free download. You can also find Social Science Class 10 Important Questions With Answers Pdf from the year 2010 to 2020 CBSE board exams. Anger and agitation could be seen everywhere among the soldiers as well as the common men. The Bolsheviks kept industries and banks nationalised during the civil … What was the majority religion of Russia at that time? MCQ Questions for Class – 9 Social Science History Chapter – 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution with Answers. the war be brought to a close, land be transferred to the peasants and banks be nationalised. They were also against women’s right to vote. Were the people in the eighteenth century—Europe in favour of a complete transformation of society? Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Social Science History for Class 9 so that you can refer them as and when required. twentieth century, it was recognised that socialist ideals still enjoyed respect among the people across the world. 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