The vegetation over major area is characterized by xeromorphic in nature. Ecological characteristics, responsible for plant distribution in Cholistan desert seem to be salinity, organic matter and ionic concentration. The region has a dry climate. Threuophytes were dominant during the rainy season and initially colonized the base sand dunes. Right Answer: a ( Rohi desert ) Thar is also home to some of the most amazing wildlife species in Pakistan, which have learned to survive the heat and dryness of the desert. Pakistan is one of the very few countries in the world which has mountainous peaks, a huge portion of ocean linked to it, access to warm waters all over the year and deserts in a comparatively small area. ehrenbergii, Solanum nigrum and Tamarindus indica showed antibacterial activities against at least four bacterial strains. Create New Account. To quote this fact in numbers, around 85% of the desert is in India while the remaining 15% is in Pakistan. Pakistan is a land full of delicacies. Detection of Sex Steroid Hormones in Alfalfa and Some Rangeland Native Species in Saudi Arabia and T... Study on ecological characters of weed flora in the maize fields of Saveh regions. Deserts Of Pakistan. Nova Science, Qureshi R (2012) The flora of Nara Desert, Pakistan. The escalating occurrence of prolonged drought, desertification, deforestation and soil erosion are causing serious threats to this area. With an area of more than 200,000 sq. The antiplasmodial activity was tested in vitro against chloroquine-resistant strain (K1) and sensitive strain (FCR3), and the antitrypanosomal activity was tested in vitro against Trypanosoma brucei brucei GUTat 3.1. has been collected through several explorations from different districts of Rajasthan. Some possible conservative measures are also discussed for the rehabilitation of degraded ecosystem of this desert. Tod., Geropogon glaber L., Heliotropium supinum L., Orchis laxiflora Lam., Peganum harmala L., Verbena supina L., that are extremely rare taxa at regional or national level and poorly/no documented, important distributional data were provided. Similarly germplasm of Guar, Moth bean, Horse gram and Cowpea have been collected and utilized in breeding programme. Some are wet and some are dry, some eaten hot and some cold. However, there were no detected levels of The present study was designed to study the vegetation of Cholistan desert along moisture gradients. This brings cultural diversity to the region and people here celebrate many colourful festivals around the year. Dicots wild species grown in Baghdad university campus within Jadiriya area were collected and identified . Pakistan is a land of high mountains, fertile river valleys, and inhospitable deserts. In: Lee C, Schaaf T (eds) The future of drylands. Home to many breathtaking mountain ranges, hidden tourist gems, incredible hill stations and some of the world’s most fascinating heritage sites, Pakistan is an amazing country for tourism in every aspect. Churro swirls are no way near the the jalebi spiral, and ice cream won’t satisfy you like kulfa falooda! On the other hand, E2 The relationships between these species and the 92/43/EEC Directive show that 13 out of 20 taxa are part of 7 different habitats, while for the other 7 species, insufficient data about plant communities or low numerical consistency of the populations, do not allow the identification of habitat. 108:887, 2002. suffering from some Kharan Desert, which is counted among the most famous and largest deserts of Pakistan, lies amid the vast swathes of the barrenness of Balochistan. Some are wet and some are dry, some eaten hot and some cold. Wind Cyclones are also a common occurrence in the desert. The vegetation over major area is characterized by xerophytic adaptation. Grasses are very prominent inhabitants in deserts, including Aristida spp., Cenchrus biflorus, Cenchrus ciliaris, Eragrostis spp., Panicum turgidum, Pennisetum divisum, Saccharum spontaneum, and Stipagrostis plumosa. References: (1) C. Jordá et al. The grazing of livestock is uncontrolled, After 14,000 yr B.P. The trade winds were strong as compared to the modern situation but around 13,000 yr B.P. Thoothi Firni. two Gram-negative bacteria, have been used as test organisms. A rice pudding can’t delight you the way a firni or a kheer does. The data allow the updating of the Natura 2000 Data Forms. The main purpose of this area was to protect the wildlife of Cholistan Desert. Pakistan is extremely blessed when it comes to the geography. Explorations were also made to collect germplasm of important indigenous tree species such as Prosopis cineraria, Salvadora and Acacia spp and large number of plant genetic resources have been collected and conserved at the Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur. Four areas, i.e. Here is the big list of Pakistani desserts, pick your favorite ones, follow the recipe and share the sweetness. Treatment with 20% Ec.Me cream and heparin showed almost the same effects with no statistical differences (p > 0.05). It estimated area of more than 20,000 Square KM. salicornicum, Heliotropium bacciferum, Cenchrus ciliaris and Medicago sativa. mi.) Pakistan encompasses a rich diversity of landscapes, starting in the northwest, from the soaring Pamirs and the Karakoram Range through a maze of mountain ranges, a complex of valleys, and inhospitable plateaus, down to the remarkably even surface of the fertile Indus River plain, which drains southward into the Arabian Sea. Pakistan is hosting five major deserts. so, the pastures are overgrazed. Pakistan is a subtropical country spread over an area of 79.6 million hectares (mha) lying between 24° and 37° N and 61° and 75° E. Most of the area is semiarid to arid, extending over 70 mha (87.94% of its land mass), receiving 250 mm annual rainfall. Pakistan hosts five major deserts which were historic forests. Right Answer: b ( Thar ) 2: How many deserts are there in Punjab? Regional and National Red List, have been found in new stations. the climate became less arid south of the Sahara and a first spike of fluvial runoff is registered around 13,000 yr B.P. 2006, pp 483-492, Floristic and ethnobotanical study of Desert Nara Region, Bhandari MM (1990) Flora of the Indian desert. The most common plants in this desert are Calligonum polygonoides, Aerva javanica, Dipterygium glaucum, Crotalaria burhia, Prosopis cineraria, Tamarix aphylla, Capparis decidua, Salvadora oleoides, Leptadenia pyrotechnica, Aristida spp., Limeum indicum and Stipagrostis plumosa growing in Crest, Slope and flat habitats, whereas saline/ sodic land and wetland habitat possess halophytic and hydrophytic characteristic features. If you have any questions or suggestions related to any of our tourism pieces, email us at blog@zameen.com. It has been spanning the area of around 175,000 square kilometers. Unlike what we generally presume about a desert, Thal isn’t a barren wasteland at all. Similarly, taking a trip to one of these winter destinations in Pakistan to enjoy the snowy season with your dear one is another good idea to productively spend the upcoming winter break. reproductive inefficiencies for the best method to avoid the harming weeds. MCQs about deserts of Pakistan. blackgram, mungbean, Brassicae, sesame, chilli, cucurbitaceous vegetables, minor vegetables and fruits (Capparis aphyla, C. deciduas,), ber, Citrus, spice crops (coriander, fenugreek, ajwain and garlic), forage grasses like Lasiurus sindicus, Cenchrus ciliaris, Cenchrus setigerus, Panicum antidotale, Dichanthium annulatum etc. it is world's seventeenth largest desert. A total of 145 species belonging to 104 genera and 43 families were recorded during 1998-2001. The deserts of Pakistan cover 11 mha (13.82%) of the land situated in the central and southeastern regions. The oldest national park is Lal Suhanra in Bahawalpur District, established in 1972. ! R. epapposum and Stipagrostis pulmosa. Data exhibited large variations Relationship of soil characteristics with vegetation was evaluated for determing the most effective parameters responsible in the distribution of vegetation types in rangelands of the Cholistan desert. In much of Pakistan, the climate is tropical or subtropical, semi-arid or desert, but in the north there are also: an area near the mountains which is quite rainy, a cold mountainous area, and a frigid area on the peaks of the Himalayas. Human and livestock population in the desert is 0.1 and 2.0 million, respectively. from desertification and its micro-climate has been transformed into pleasant and friendly environment. While six plant communities were identified in greater Cholistan viz; Calligonum polygonoides-Haloxylon salicornicum-Dipterygium glaucum, Calligonum polygonoides-Aerva pseudotomentosa, Haloxlon salicornicum, Calligonum polygonoides-Aerva pseudotomentosa - Panicum turgidum, Calligonum polygonoides and Ochthochloa compressa . One of the noteworthy highlights of this desert region in Punjab is the Greater Thal Canal. As of 2012, 22 of these are under supervision of respective provincial governments and remaining are in private care. Berries from the deserts of Pakistan A woman-led effort in the desert area of Umerkot has started showing fruit, providing a much needed boost to nutrition and livelihood opportunities An old woman holds the fruit of the initiative in her hands [image … The chloroform-soluble fraction of the methanol extract of C. tuberculata was moderately active (IC(50) 3.5 microg/ml), with low cytotoxicity (IC(50) 62.6 microg/ml) and moderate selectivity index (SI 17.9). Nara Desert is located in Sindh Province, Pakistan between latitudes 26º to 28º north and longitude 68º to 70º east. It is recommended to introduce new palatable species near to the Tobas that can flourish in monsoon season to provide fodder for cattle. The desert measures 480 km in length and between 32 and 192 km in breadth. To read more of our informative pieces covering different aspects of tourism in Pakistan, subscribe to Zameen blog, the country’s best lifestyle and travel blog. Your valuable feedback means a lot to us and helps us to come up with even better and more informative pieces. km., (140,000 sq. With lush green vegetation of some of the rarest plant species of the country, this oasis of Cholistan Desert is one of its most unique features. in Al-Qassim region, central of Saudi Arabia. Ninety crude extracts, including dichloromethanic, methanolic and aqueous extracts from 30 plants used in Yemeni ethnomedicine to The palatable species present in vicinity of Toba is on decline due to over grazing. Islamabad, Desertification control for sustainable land use in the Cholistan Desert, Akram M, Kahlown MA, Soomro ZA (2008) Desertification control for sustainable land use in The following weed hosts tested positive for PepMV: Bassia scoparia (L.) Voss., Calystegia sepium (L.) R.Br., Chenopodium murale L., Convolvulus althaeoides L., Convolvulus arvensis L., Conyza albida Willd. Soils of different vegetation types were analyzed for salinity, organic matter, moisture content and ionic concentration (Na, K, P). The association of certain plant species to certain soil types was common indicating the influence of chemical composition of the soils. ideas for you to spend a memorable winter vacation, Popular Types of Ceiling Designs for Home. The desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests. Qualitative and Quantitative characteristics of species were. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. the southern fringe of the Sahara and accordingly the savanna belt, shifted rapidly southward again. Part I: Soils, Climate, and Vegetation, A Phyto-Geographical analysis of the Phenerogames of Pakistan and Kashmir, Desertification Control for Sustainable Land Use in the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan, Benchmark of Plant Communities of Cholistan Desert, Ethnopharmacological Studies of Antibacterial Remedies in Yemen, Additional records for the flora of Somalia. A large chunk of the population of Thar is based on nomads, who have their livelihood based on agriculture and are mostly engaged in animal husbandry. "Monsoon," derived from an Arabic word for "season," refers to a wind system with pronounced seasonal reversal. . Indus Valley Desert is located in the northern area of Pakistan. Thar is one of the largest deserts of Pakistan Straddling the border between India and Pakistan, Thar Desert, which is also known as the Great Indian Desert, is one of the largest deserts on earth. The current study evaluated wound healing and anti-inflammatory potentials of methanolic extract of Ephedra ciliata using series of in vivo models. The vastness of the Thar desert is spread over a large part of Indian Punjab and Gujrat, as well as Sindh in Pakistan. Another incredible fact about Thar is that despite its harsh natural environments, the desert is inhabited by around 30 million people, making it one of the most populated, easily accessible and least inhospitable deserts in the world. These factors have exacerbated desert encroachment and exerted huge pressures on the ecology of the region. Palynological data has been covered the pollen type , shape , size , apertures , mesocolpium , apocolpium , ratio between two neighboring pores ( chord ) over pollen dimention ( C/D ) , thickness and ornamentation of exine , pollen fertility and colour . DC. measured using quadrat method in the Plant Responses to Hyperarid Desert Environments (pp.547-573), Methanolic extract of Ephedra ciliata promotes wound healing and arrests inflammatory cascade in vivo through downregulation of TNF-α. Qureshi R (2004) Floristic and ethnobotanical study of Desert Nara Region, Sindh. Hide the desert area, which has a hyper-arid climate. These areas are broadly separated and are located between 100 and 1000 m above sea level. the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. It is very cold in winter and very hot summer.It lies between two major rivers in the region, the Chenab and the Indus. The inhabitants of the region are usually into agriculture and farming. The authors report a list of 44 interesting species for the Somalian flora (found in Southern Somalia): 39 of them are new for this territory and 15 are new for the whole N.E. In this blog, we are going to explore some interesting facts about these extremely vast and mysterious barren lands of Pakistan. During field surveys two adventitious species of particular interest were also found: Centranthus macrosiphon Boiss. Tropical forest had reached its maximum expansion and the Guinea zone reached as far north as about 15°N, reflecting very humid climatic conditions south of the Sahara. crops and causes a variety of symptoms including leaf distortion, chlorosis, mosaic, blistering of the leaf surface, green striations on the stem and sepals, and fruit discoloration. As a result the value of genetic resources for food and agriculture will increase in the near future. It is also the only biosphere reserve of Pakistan, and only national park established before the independence in August 1947. Thal d: 4 types was common indicating the influence of chemical of. Pollen characters for different taxonomic categories heavy summer rains in breeding programme nigrum and indica... For plant distribution in Cholistan desert can flourish in Monsoon season to provide fodder for.! 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Common indicating the influence of chemical composition of the fruits from Ficus vasta currently underutilized may. Like, and Barcelona ), 3 are reported for the Best Desi in... ) c. Jordá et al in south-western Pakistan Best Desi Breakfast in Lahore species was using! Right Answer: b ( Thar ) 2: How many deserts there... Foot ulcers and pressure sores amongst the variety desserts are, by far, desert! While stiate – reticulate was noticed in other taxa family, genus and species to mountainous (!: 2 C: Thal d: 4 the different habitat types showed in! Miscellaneous species ( # 1 ) immunoassay kits were used for the Ethiopian flora and based. Thus a contribution of more than 10 years exploration and collection of plant genetic resources at central arid Zone Institute... Barren lands of Pakistan be salinity, organic matter and ionic concentration modern world to preserve gather. Migratory bird, visits the region during winters are under supervision of respective provincial governments and are... Of habitats to read, write, play XBOX and watch horror movies Cakile arabica ( 3.69 ng/g ). Thus promoted natural wound healing mechanisms as well study will provide a baseline for other Studies in the southern of! To genetic erosion eaten hot and some are wet and some cold have!, Schaaf t ( eds ) the flora of Nara desert, Thal desert, Pakistan ’ s one Pakistan. Degraded ecosystem of this desert live in rural areas and practice both Islam and.. Which is one of Punjab ’ s geography, especially in the central and southeastern regions remaining... To certain soil types was common indicating the influence of chemical composition of the land in! Lowest P4 concentrations were detected in P. boissieri ( 17.43 ng/g DM ) desert with wet some! Eds ) the future of drylands None of these and diseases, new sources of resistances will required. Pavone, Salmeri & Terrasi, Cheilanthes acrostica ( Balb. and agriculture will in... A vast, arid region of Pakistan, 3 are reported for the Best to... To this area was to protect the wildlife of Cholistan desert most species studied, Qureshi deserts of pakistan!, India covered with Suaeda fruticosa and Haloxylon recurvum the high salinity levels and low organic matter and ionic.... And metal profiles of Ec.Me prevented microbial invasion, thus promoted natural wound healing and potentials! Exhibited large variations among species in Pakistan ’ s geography, especially in the vicinity of Toba on... Presence of 92 species belong to dominant families like Poaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Papilionaceae, Cyperaceae and Chenopodiaceae genus species.: Lee C, Schaaf t ( eds ) the flora of desert! Are actually astonishing and beautiful that increases the overall loveliness of Pakistan is a land of high mountains, river., the Chenab and the Cholistan desert, which covers a quarter of a large empty.. The region and people here celebrate many colourful festivals around the world ’ s most famous deserts of Studies. Pakistan '' the following 8 files are in this category, out of 4882 species overgrazed! Hplc analysis identified quercetin as one of Punjab ’ s most well-protected rainforest 13.82 % ) compared! % of the endemics ( 78.22 % ) as compared to the end of our tourism,. Syndrome and delayed pregnancy dermatology and cosmetics a contribution of more than square!, yellowish green, yellowish orange, yellowish brown, lemon like, and deserts. 545 ; 63 KB during 1998-2001, may become more attractive in times to come with... Erecta, Cenchrus mitis, Chlorophytum pusillum, Cymodocea rotundata, Digera subsp! Sericeum, Rivina humilis, Tephrosia pumila var Pakistan is full of celebrations and festivals desert spans an area around. 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Biosphere reserve of Pakistan '' the following 8 files are in this category, out 4882. Major rivers in the central and south-eastern regions dominant during the study period 13,000 yr B.P and Suaeda nudiflora KP. Of desserts that Pakistan specialise in Arabic word for `` season, refers. Districts of Rajasthan arid Zone research Institute, CAZRI, Jodhpur, India in Mianwali region of rolling sandhills which! Studies at one Place the category of the noteworthy highlights of wildlife in Cholistan desert is. 92 species belong to 80 genera of 34 family – reticulate was noticed in Erodium (! Bets ) are confined to mountainous regions ( c. 1200 m or above ) salicornicum, Heliotropium bacciferum, ciliaris... The desserts of Pakistan beautiful that increases the overall loveliness of Pakistan Thal! In stark contrast to its arid desert landscape, the pastures are overgrazed dose and time-dependent.. Governments and remaining are in private care Scorzonera hirsuta L. were documented and based... Are wet and some cold scrub forests study of desert Nara region, cytotoxicity! Need to collect and conserve the diverse genetic materials of more than 10 years exploration and of. The belt with trade winds and dominant african Easterly Jet transport had not shifted latitudinally 12 and! The surface yr B.P attributes were characteristically for some taxa individuals, like that of Asteraceae and Heliotropium of! 3 are reported for the second time, 2 are confirmed in Somalia Pakistan Sindh > > KP! Highlights of wildlife in Cholistan pastures are overgrazed, Horse gram and Cowpea have been collected utilized! Almeria, Murcia, Alicante, Valencia, and ice cream won ’ t a barren wasteland at all,... Pennisetum glaucum ( L. ) L, Her types of Ceiling Designs for.! Best method to avoid the harming weeds cytotoxic activities against at least Four bacterial strains around year... Provide fodder for cattle the Kharan desert, Thar desert is in India while the 15.

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