Rumex obtusifolius Overview. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. ; A.J. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). 2,4-DB amine or 2,4-D ester are effective when applied beforethe flower stalk elongates, but … Common problems with Rumex obtusifolius. Rumex obtusifolius has large leaves and some lower leaves have red stems. The seeds are reddish to brown in color. It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. In Ireland, R. obtusifolius is used as astringent, laxative, tonic, antidote to nettle, and for the treatment of sores, blisters, burns and cancer (Harshaw et al., 2010). Rumex Acetosa Rumex diminishes the secretions of mucous membranes, and at the same time exalts sensibility of the mucous membranes of the larynx and trachea. Scientific name: Rumex obtusifolius Broad-leaved dock is well-known to most of us as the remedy for Stinging nettle irritations. obtusifolius Werier (2017) voucher! ; for which purpose we prefer the Rumex crispus, which is principally employed for its alterative and tonic influences in all cases where these are desired. pest. Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. Rumex obtusifolius. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Rumex crispus L.; curly dock . According to Joslin, Rumex quoted by Hale, was used by allopaths internally and externally for the cure of itch. Preparations from old material are worthless, but very … The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex … Picloram (pyridine) is effective on most Rumex species. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. It is native to Northern Ireland and a number of other countries in Africa, temperate Asia, and Europe (GRIN Taxonomy Database, 2009). Rumex obtusifolius L. (Polygonaceae), commonly called ‘broad-leaf dock’, is one of the most common Irish wayside weeds, and it also occurs in silage fields, on river banks, in ditches and on waste grounds. Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. Rumex obtusifolius seedlings usually appear on the ground near adult conspecific plants, and their survival rate under the canopy of adult conspecifics is higher than that outside the canopy, indicating that adult R. obtusifolius plants facilitate their seedling establishments. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. The leaf stalks are used in salads. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. L.; broadleaf dock . Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Since the seeds and seed stalks persist through the winter season, you can identify this plant by the fruit’s wings even in the winter. 20 grow in Finland. Rumex acetosa-Sheep sorrel--(Gathered in June and dried, used locally for Epithelioma of face (Cowperthwaite). The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Mature plants are capable of w... More... More information. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Rumex pulcher. Rumex spp. Broadleaf dock is treated as a weed which is somewhat poisonous. Related plants. MacDaniels 3984: 3/6/2018 - David Werier Ulster: 2010: BKL – BKL00098333 Herbarium Name Used: Rumex obtusifolius Worse from the least cold air; so that all cough ceases by covering up all the body and head with the bedclothes. The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. crispus occurs on waste and cultivated ground. The young leaves are sometimes used in salads, bitter but pleasing as part of a mix, with a slightly laxative effect. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. Bitter dock (Rumex obtusifolius) Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves. Leaves can be used as a vegetable; roots and seeds may be used for herbal or medicinal purposes Found in similar places to broadleaved dock. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Rumex hymenosepalus has been cultivated in the Southwestern U.S. to use in leather tanning, while leaves and stems are used for a mustard-colored dye . Habitat Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), coastal beaches (sea beaches), meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, wetland margins (edges of wetlands) Family: Polygonaceae . [4] The species hybridizes readily with other Rumex species including Rumex obtusifolius , Rumex obovatus , Rumex palustris and Rumex maritimus . Rumex acetosa. littoreus has a coastal distribution, and Rumex crispus ssp. Curly and broadleaf dock . It is noted for attracting wildlife. Rumex obtusifolius is sometimes used for medicinal purposes (USDA-NRCS 2008). hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Often considered a 'weed', it can be found next to water or on disturbed ground almost anywhere. Rumex patientia is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Rumex pulcher. Eames & L.H. Our findings suggest that control of these highly troublesome weeds can be assisted by appropriate agricultural practices, notably exposing cut fragments to drying … It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. —The dock roots are decidedly alterative, tonic, mildly astringent, and detergent, and are eminently useful in scorbutic, cutaneous, scrofulous, scirrhous and syphilitic affections, leprosy, elephantiasis, etc. Rumex alpinus was used as a laxative, and to treat stomach problems in Bulgaria and Ukraine, and in Turkey against diarrhoea, constipation and eczema (Šťastná et al., 2010). Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. Broadleaf dock is found in most of the western states, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota. A poultice of crushed leaves is a suggested natural remedy for stings, including the injury done by stinging nettles. The root and fruits are used as medicine. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Herbarium Name Used: Rumex obtusifolius ssp. The flowers are greenish at first which turns red when they get matured. Touching the throat-pit brings on the cough. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. General information about Rumex obtusifolius (RUMOB) Euromediterranean region (except southeast), Siberia, Western Asia. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. This species is well known for rubbing the long deep green leaves on the skin as an antidote to a nettle sting. The plant produces milk which cause mild dermatitis. R. obtusifolius can be an invasive species on account of its prolific production of seeds, which can remain viable for a long time, its capability for vegetative reproduction, and adaptability to different environments. uliginosus occurs on tidal estuarine mud. Genus. Rumex crispus ssp. Dicamba (benzoic acid) is effective on curly dock ( Rumex crispus) but not on broadleaf dock ( R. obtusifolius ). Introduced in Russian Far East, Sri Lanka, Malesia, China, Japan, Korea, South Africa, North America (widespread, including Alaska, Greenland), Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America (except northern Brazil), New Zealand Fiddle dock (Rumex pulcher) Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Similar interactions of increasing soil depth and desiccation were found in reductions in dry weight, number of tillers and leaf area, with R. obtusifolius generally, but not exclusively, better able to withstand more extreme trial conditions. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen in August. Similar to broad-leaved dock except for its leaves which are narrower, with crinkled edges, leaves tapered towards tip and base. It is used in folklore medicine, and has been used as an antidote to nettle, depurative, astringent laxative and for the treatment of sores, blisters, burns, cancer and tumours (Dr Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases, 2009 in Harshaw et al ., 2010). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Description. Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Rumex obtusifolius L. Rumex crispus ssp. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter . Rumex. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Which Docks Are Edible? Rumex obtusifolius PID1745-1.jpg 901 × 1,200; 352 KB Rumex obtusifolius PID1746-1.jpg 901 × 1,200; 295 KB Rumex obtusifolius PID1748-1.jpg 900 × 1,200; 234 KB This plant has medical uses in European herbal medicine as well. Genus Rumex is comprised of some 200 species wordwide, of which approx. 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