Plastics are semi-organic materials that come from oil or petroleum. Include me in professional surveys and promotional announcements from GlobalSpec. €8.00. Metallized plastics are used to replace metal objects by plastics for example to reduce the weight of a product of both the conductive metal and the insulating plastic form a functional unit as in the case of a printed circuit board or film. Thermoplastic polymers can be heated and remolded for an unlimited amount of time. It is normally copolymerized with other substances to improve its properties. Once cooled and hardened, these plastics retain their shapes and cannot return to their original form. This film is made of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA or PVOH). Products may be strengthened with fibers, fillers, particulates, powders and other matrix reinforcements to provide improved strength and/or stiffness. The plastic kits and covers are mostly made of synthetic polymers like polythene and tires are manufactured from Buna rubbers. Melamine resins have excellent dielectric properties. Depending on the formulation, epoxy resins are used as casting resins, potting agents, resin binders, or laminating resins in fiberglass or composite construction. En gros, les polymères, ce sont les matières plastiques. An error occurred while processing the form. Used for: The film variant of PVA is used mainly for dissolvable packaging. Plasticizers are one of the most common polymer additives and an example is phthalate esters used in PVC products. When enough used plastic items can be gathered together, companies develop technology to recycle those used plastics. polymer: A substance made from long chains of repeating groups of atoms. Today we discuss the straight forward differences between the two, provide some everyday use examples of plastics and polymers, and list the pros and cons of each. All plastics … Quantity. Notify me about educational white papers. It dissolves fast when it comes into contact with water. TO THE Phenolic resins are available in liquid, powder, and film form. Today we discuss the straight forward differences between the two, provide some everyday use examples of plastics and polymers, and list the pros and cons of each. What are examples of polymers? C'est le cas du verre, des métaux et en général des macromolécules monodimensionnelles (issues de monomères bivalents), à structure linéaire ou ramifiée, de la chimie organique (par exemple, PE, PVC et PA). They can withstand many heating and cooling cycles and are often suitable for recycling. UNLIMITED Epoxy resins exhibit high strength and low shrinkage during curing. Thermosetting Plastics or Thermoset Plastics: By heating the polymer, if it turns hard, then it is called as Thermosetting plastic material. They generally have a higher resistance to heat than thermoplastics. Silicone adhesives and sealants have a high degree of flexibility and a very high temperature resistance (up to 600° F), but lack the strength of other epoxy or acrylic resins. The word POLYMER comes from the Greek words poly means many and mer means parts . Polymer is used as a synonym for plastic . Thermoplastics and thermoplastic materials soften when heated and harden when cooled. Thermosetting polymers solidify into a permanent design and shape. Polyester Fabric. Polymer and plastic composites are plastics which are strengthened with fibers, fillers, particulates, powders and other matrix reinforcements to provide improved strength and/or stiffness. They are hard and durable. Examples include fiber reinforced plastics (FRPs), sheet molding compounds (SMCs), bulk molding compounds (BMCs), pre-preg materials, and fabricated composite parts. The recycling rate for all plastics is not as high as any would want. GlobalSpec may share your personal information and website activity with our clients for which you express explicit interest, or with vendors looking to reach people like you. Water Soluble Polymer Film - A plastic film that disolves in both hot and cold water. In comparison to other manufacturing materials (metals, glass and ceramics), polymeric materials have low density, low thermal conductivity, low electrical conductivity and are non-corrosive. If someone asked you on the spot to explain the differences between polymer vs plastic, would you be able to give a cohesive answer? • Polystyrene, PS – yoghurt pots, margarine tubs, clear egg boxes, food packaging trays, plastic cutlery and cups, clear plastic glasses, ball-point pen cases, cassette boxes and plastic coat-hangers. –> Anti-aging stabilizers: nearly every plastic is prone to degradation when exposed to UV light, such as from sunlight, and oxygen including ozone. Synthetic polymers are prepared by a chemical reaction, often in a lab. A simple example is polyethylene ('polythene' in British English), whose repeating unit is based on ethylene monomer . PET plastic water bottle. Bakelite, the first synthetic plastic; Neoprene (a manufactured form of rubber) Nylon, polyester, rayon (manufactured forms of silk) Polyethylene (plastic bags and storage containers) Polystyrene (packing peanuts and Styrofoam cups) Teflon; Epoxy resins; Silicone; Silly putty; Slime The GlobalSpec SpecSearch Database contains listings of a variety of different polymer matrices. It is used extensively in the aerospace, automotive, electronic, and chemical process industries. These compounds contain atoms such as oxygen, nitrogen, or sulfur in their backbone chains, in addition to carbon. For example, PET is the plastic used for bottled water and is highly recyclable. …plastics is made up of heterochain polymers. Thermosets and thermoset materials are crosslinked polymeric resins that are cured or set using heat or heat and pressure. Most are two-part resins cured at room temperature. An example would be polycarbonate, whose molecules contain two aromatic (benzene) rings: Read More; structure The name of the polymer comes from the name of the monomer used to make it. Some of the advantages with PMCs include their lightweight, high stiffness and their high strength along the direction of their reinforcements. Thermoset or thermosetting plastics. Polymer and plastic composites are plastics which are strengthened with fibers, fillers, particulates, powders and other matrix reinforcements to provide improved strength and/or stiffness. Please try again in a few minutes. CONTENTS Introduction Types of Polymer Classification of Polymer Characteristics of Polymer Application References 2 3. Materials that are electrically conductive or resistive are also available. Polymers are lengthy chain compounds composed of monomers. Plastic A subgroup of organic polymers that can be molded. used for electronic packaging) or stabilising (e.g. They are also used as encapsulates, electrical conductors in microelectronic packaging, and adhesives in structural bonding applications. Products that are designed for electrical and electronics applications often provide protection against electrostatic discharge (ESD), electromagnetic interference (EMI), and radio frequency interference (RFI). Others offer improved thermal conductivity. Les polymères (étymologie : du grec polus, plusieurs, et meros, partie) constituent une classe de matériaux.D'un point de vue chimique, un polymère est un ensemble constitué de plusieurs macromolécules [1] (molécule constituée de la répétition de nombreuses sous-unités).. Les polymères les plus connus sont : les fibres naturelles : Weave-reinforced GMTs are synthetic fabrics that are used as automotive materials to provide enhanced protection of a car’s underbody on poorly surfaced roads. Particulates vary in terms of shape and size. Thermoplastics such as polyethylene and polystyrene are capable of being molded and remolded repeatedly. Manufactured polymers include nylon, polyvinyl chloride (better known as PVC) and many types of plastics. What are the four types of polymers? Epoxy adhesives are chemical compounds for joining components. The key difference between polymers and plastics is that plastic is a specific type of polymer. They are classified either as thermosetting polymers or thermoplastic polymers. Note 1: Artificial polymer should also be used in the case of chemically modified biopolymers. There are several types of polymers. Une molécule est un assemblage d’atomes et certaines molécules ne possèdent que deux atomes comme par exemple, le dioxygène : O 2 .D’autres en … There are also naturally occurring and man-made polymers. Urea formaldehyde resins can harden rapidly at moderate temperatures, but generally do not have the properties of phenolic resins. Companies affiliated with GlobalSpec can contact me when I express interest in their product or service. Synthetic polymers like polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), nylon, polyester (PS), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), and epoxy (commonly known as plastic) are derived from petroleum hydrocarbons. Further examples are poly[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate] (pDMAEMA) hydroxypropylcellulose, poly(vinylcaprolactame), poly-2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline and polyvinyl methyl ether. FREE Search manufacturer catalogs by these specifications: I agree to receive commercial messages from GlobalSpec including product announcements and event invitations, Contentons-nous de cette définition pour le moment, qui est suffisante pour comprendre la suite. PTFE is used in applications requiring superior chemical resistance or low friction. Plastics are produced by condensation and addition polymerization reactions. If someone asked you on the spot to explain the differences between polymer vs plastic, would you be able to give a cohesive answer? Since metals generally bond poorly to polymers, the plastic surface has to be treated. At room temperature, they are available in the form as liquids. Thus, a foamed-polystyrene cup can be heated and reshaped into a new form—for instance, a dish. A monomer is a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules. Examples include polyurethanes, polyesters, epoxy resins and phenolic resins. Copyright © PMCs are designed to transfer loads between fibers of a matrix. Most of the engineering plastics listed above are composed of heterochain polymers. Les plastiques biodégradables possèdent tous leur propre cinétique de dégradation en fonction des milieux considérés et ont donc des durées de vie plus ou moins longues en utilisation. Some of the most common are epoxy, polyacetal, PEEK, fluoropolymers, and phenolics. They are known for their toughness and resistance to chemical and environmental damage. It provides a higher strength material compared to polyethylene-type polymers; however, polyacetal materials are susceptible to oxidation at elevated temperatures. PEEK or polyether ether ketone is a colorless organic polymer thermoplastic. Some matrix reinforcements provide improved electrical conductivity. They require clean surfaces and are valued for their toughness and resistance to chemical and environmental damage. Polymers and Plastics are encountered in everyday life and used for a variety of purposes. Special phenolic resins are available that harden at moderate temperatures when mixed with suitable accelerators. They are available in a variety of material types and grades. These other substances can be inorganic (e.g. They are routinely labeled as polymers, as they are comprised of polymers. DuPont’s Delrin® is a common polyacetal engineering resin that is also used to mold plastic parts. For example, the monomer ethene can be used to make the polymer poly (ethene). LEARN MORE ABOUT POLYMER AND PLASTIC COMPOSITES, Polymer and Plastic Composites Search Form, Industrial Computers and Embedded Systems, Material Handling and Packaging Equipment, Electrical and Electronic Contract Manufacturing, Show all Polymer and Plastic Composites Manufacturers, Pressure Sensitive Adhesives (PSA) and Contact Adhesives, fiberglass woven fiberglass polymer composite tube, carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites, carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites, electrically conductive polymer composites, glass fiber reinforced polymer composites. Move to plastic. It has excellent mechanical and chemical resistance properties that are retained at high temperatures. Polymers have a different physical and chemical makeup than their monomers, and more uniquely, their properties can be tailored depending on their main purpose. Thermoplastic composites include glass mat thermoplastics (GMT), weave-reinforced GMTs, low-density composites, and composite sandwich panels. Gel elastomers are highly viscoelastic polymer gel materials that have excellent shock absorption and damping characteristics. They start out as tiny little molecules that join together forming a chain. Artificial polymer: Man-made polymer that is not a biopolymer. GlobalSpec will retain this data until you change or delete it, which you may do at any time. • Expanded polystyrene, EPS – fast food packaging, meat packaging trays and egg boxes. Polymer and plastic composites vary in terms of features. Les polymères sont à la fois dans la nature et fabriqués dans les laboratoires. 2020 Osborne Industries INC. ALL Rights Reserved, thermosetting polymers or thermoplastic polymers, Combination of Composite Materials in Design, Video: Amazing Impact Resistance of pDCPD Plastic, Video: Physical Properties of RIM Thermosetting Plastics, Types that can’t be recycled increase recycling expenses, Translucent (can be a suitable substitute for glass), Production and elimination emits chemicals harmful to environment. Synthetic polymers are used to make plastics, adhesives, paints, mechanical parts, and many common objects. © Copyright 2020 GlobalSpec - All rights reserved. WORLD'S Pressure sensitive adhesives (PSA) and contact adhesives adhere to most surfaces with very slight pressure. Phenolics are thermosetting molding compounds and adhesives that offer strong bonds and provide good resistance to high temperatures. It is highly resistant to thermal degradation as well. Polymers are basically enormous molecules made with a massive amount of smaller, identical molecules. Phenolic resin adhesives made from chemicals of the phenol group and formaldehyde are generally the most durable. 1. Polymers include: Polymers do not start out big. They are available in solvent and latex or water-based forms. They are easily molded and extruded into films, fibers and packaging. While plastics are used as a common example of polymers, there are many other materials which are also polymers which include anything plastic, proteins such as hair, nails, shells, DNA, silly putty, Styrofoam cups and plates, plastic bottles, and blocks of wood. The family of plastics materials is closely related to two other important families of manufacturing materials, textile fibres and elastomers (rubber), in that they are all based on carbon (organic materials) and they consist of extremely large molecules (polymers). Examples include p… Natural polymers include rubber, silk and cellulose (found in plants and used to make paper, for example). What is a polymer and what is it used for? As mentioned above, polymers that are classified as plastics can be divided into two major categories: thermoplastics and thermosets. Le respect de ces différents critères donne ainsi accès à des labels commercialisés par des organismes de certifications. Plastics are a group of polymers that can be molded during manufacture. You may withdraw your consent at any time. 2. However they are flammable materials and generally h… Les polymères. There are many … By submitting your registration, you agree to our Privacy Policy. used for increasing fire resistance). Examples of synthetic polymers include PVC (polyvinyl chloride), polystyrene, synthetic rubber, silicone, polyethylene, neoprene, and nylon. The most studied polymer is poly(N-isopropylacrylamide). BEST IDEAS. Conformal coatings encapsulate circuit boards and their electronic components in order to prevent the ingress of moisture, fungus, dust and other environmental contaminants. ACCESS as well as subscriptions and other promotional notifications. Fibers are usually chopped, wound or woven and made of materials such as fabric, metal, glass, or fiberglass. These polymers are an incredibly versatile group of compounds—so versatile, in fact, they can be found in all sorts of unexpected places. A polymer matrix composite (PMC) is a composite material composed of a variety of short or continuous fibers bound together by an organic polymer matrix. Addition polymers are formed when the monomers form double bonds with the given carbon atoms. Powders are usually made of carbon, graphite, silicates, ceramics, and other organic or inorganic materials. Less rigid than thermosets, thermoplastics can soften upon heating and return to their original form. Examples include fiber reinforced plastics (FRPs), sheet molding compounds (SMCs), bulk molding compounds (BMCs), pre-preg materials, and fabricated composite parts. It is biodegradable and non-toxic (not approved for food). Plastics are comprised of a long chain of polymers, where polymers are composed of smaller, uniform molecules. GMTs are compression-molded thermoplastics that are used in place of metals such as aluminum or steel, plywood, or even engineered materials. Fluoropolymers including polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) are used in applications requiring superior chemical resistance. Use of this website signifies your agreement to our Terms of Use. Aircraft windows, plastic signs, and lighting panels are very common applications. GlobalSpec collects only the personal information you have entered above, your device information, and location data. Polyacetal or polyoxymethylene (POM) is a thermoplastic used in precision parts that require high stiffness, low friction, and excellent dimensional stability. INTRODUCTION Polymers are very large molecules made when hundreds of monomers join together to form long chains . This clear, colorless polymer is widely used in place of glass, where its greater impact resistance, lighter weight, and machineability are advantages. Polymer banknotes were first issued in 1988 by Australia, which now uses polymer exclusively and is about to launch a new series of notes, starting with the $5 bill in September. What are the applications of polymers? Three words or short phrases to describe the major benefits of Polyethylene relative to other plastics and materials would be: Wide applications as a fiber (“polyester”) Extremely effective moisture barrier; Shatterproof; 2. A large number of everyday household items are comprised of plastics and polymers. Les polymères naturels ont été utilisés pour leurs propriétés chimiques bien avant qu’ils aient été compris dans le laboratoire de chimie: laine, le cuir, le lin et ont été transformés en fibres pour fabriquer des vêtements; os animal a été bouilli vers le bas pour faire des colles. Most commonly, the continuously linked backbone of a polymer used for the preparation of plastics consists mainly of carbon atoms. Thermosets can be used for auto parts, aircraft parts and tires. Polymer and plastic composites that use a phase change provide enhanced thermal characteristics. Include me in third-party email campaigns and surveys that are relevant to me. Thermoplastics. They can be one polymer or a blend (mixture) of polymers and may contain other substances as well. Condensation polymers are produced when two monomers are joined and the water molecule is removed. Adhere to most surfaces with very slight pressure conductors in microelectronic polymer plastic examples, and composite panels... 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