The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. The Lee-Enfield rifles were the mainstay of the British and their Commonwealth partners through both World Wars. At this time, the Enfield rifle was introduced in the army. Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from our team. The sepoy mutiny was a widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–58. The Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket(also known as the Pattern 1853 Enfield, P53 Enfield, and Enfield rifle-musket) was a.577 calibre Minié-typemuzzle-loading rifled musket, used by the British Empirefrom 1853 to 1867; after which many were replaced in service by the cartridge-loaded Snider–Enfieldrifle. The main difference between the two was in the rifling, which was a new type of rifling done exclusively at the factory in Enfield. It is first worth noting that the company began based on trade, but into the early nineteenth century the unique geopolitical situation actually required that three independent armies of the company's Presidencies were formed. The era of the smoothbore musket—which had been "good enough" at Waterloo—was truly a weapon whose time had passed. 1Sanvi1 1Sanvi1 Answer: 1857. The “Greased Cartridge Affair:” Re-Examining the Pattern 1853 Enfield Cartridge. Who introduced a system of 5-yearly inspections and temporary tax farmers? While its use as the main service rifle was short-lived, lasting just thirteen years, it was a proven weapon that earned a reputation for reliability when it was used by both sides during the American Civil War. To load the rifle, the rifleman or sepoy had to pull out a cartridge and bite off the bullet, which was at one end, and pour the pre-measured powder down the barrel, followed by the ball. As a result, many Pattern 1842 muskets were converted into rifles while the British Army adopted the Regulation Pattern 1851 Minié rifle, which was a major technological step forward yet looked only slightly different from Pattern 1842 musket. They refused to use the cartridges and were arrested for their apparent defiance. In 1853 Sepoys throughout India were issued with a new rifle, the Pattern 1853 Enfield rifled musket. Discontent had been simmering among the sepoys for some time and, ironically, the anger at the cartridges was the trigger for the Revolt of 1857. It was later adopted by British Army. The use of iron bands to retain the barrel had been common with French weapons since the middle years of the eighteenth century and is why this model is often noted for having French influences. For greater distances, an adjustable flip-up blade sight was graduated from 900 to 1,250 yards. © Copyright 2020 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. It was thus the weapon that helped build the Second British Empire (1783–1815) and usher in Britain's Imperial Century (1815–1914). Unlike existing percussion muskets, the Enfield's grooved bore required the cartridge to be greased to allow loading. The First British Empire (1583–1783) saw great technical innovation in naval development and small arms. I didnt plan on shooting it at first but the BH already has a nice ring around it so I don't feel as bad. Cartridges from this The barrel was fastened to the stock by three metal bands, which is why the rifle is still sometimes referred to as a “three band” model. 2 See answers siyara123 siyara123 In the year 1857 the new Enfield rifle was introduced. Although it was the immediate cause that triggered the first war of independence, long term factors also played an important role, such as military, social, religious, economic and political causes. 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