In Australia, S. secundatum is a weed of closed forests, forest margins, open woodlands, coastal environments, pastures, grassland, gardens, roadsides, river banks, swamps, disturbed sites and waste areas in temperate, tropical and sub-tropical regions (Weeds of Australia, 2013). Science, 122:1089-1090. Healy AJ, 1969. As the plant matures, nitrogen concentration falls from 2.7% to 1.0%, crude protein digestibility falls from 53% to 31% and dry matter digestibility from 60% to 50% (Tropical Forages, 2013). Australia’s Virtual Herbarium. S. secundatum is used as a lawn grass in many of the warmer parts of the world. Collingwood, Australia: Landlinks Press, viii + 112 pp. Consolidated list of environmental weeds in New Zealand. For best quality graze grass at a height of 750mm. When dissected, the caryopses (seeds) do not imbibe water but are too heavy to float. Mabberley DJ, 1997. Revision of Stenotaphrum (Gramineae: Paniceae) with attention to its historical geography. Fine Thatching Grass is a perennial grass. http://users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, PIER, 2013. Ons is gevestig in Kaapstad en bied wonderlike dienste in die geval van onmiddellike grasperk aflewering en installering. Spikelets sunken (in axis); solitary. Stenotaphrum dimidiatum var. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5-veined. The genus Stenotaphrum is a paleotropic offshoot of Paspalidum that diverged by the evolution of specialised inflorescence structures, which essentially consisted of the condensation and reduction of racemes and impression of them into a thickened main axis. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Sauer J D, 1972. Ons is gevestig in Kaapstad en bied wonderlike dienste in die geval van onmiddellike grasperk aflewering en installering. Lincoln, New Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, Landcare Research. This is always recommended on your holiday home or resort. Busey P; Augustin BJ; 1980, publ. The method of planting plugs (rooted grass plants) is very success full. The Natal-Plata deme, originally native to Natal, Mauritius, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil, is now found in tropical and temperate regions alongside the native races in South America, France, Portugal, Spain, around the Mediterranean and on the Atlantic coast of Morocco, Madeira and the Canaries. Basal innovations flabellate (fan-shaped). than other lawns. Edgar E; Connor HE, 2010. Buffalo, this is a well established brand of lawn in South Africa. Buffalo grass has broad flat leaves forming a thick mat which will crowd out most weeds and other grasses. It can invade roadsides, gardens and lawns, grassland, river banks, swamps, coastal areas and disturbed sites, and is considered an environmental weed in Australia and New Zealand (Sauer, 1972; Howell, 2008). Kikuyu,buffalo grass per square meter.we also clear the ground and laying.top soil,compost also available. and Desmanthus spp. Revision of Stenotaphrum (Gramineae:Paniceae) with attention to its historical geography. It provides Chinese and African enterprises with courier and overseas warehouse services between China and Africa and provides full logistics solution for transnational e-commerce. (Tropical Forages, 2013). Biological control of S. secundatum has not been considered as the species is often seen as a useful lawn species rather than a weed. In many countries, S. secundatum has been introduced as a useful salt-tolerant lawn grass, but it has since spread as stolon material in garden waste or by natural spread to many coastal waste places, sand dunes and along roadsides. The PLANTS Database. Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool., http://www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS, 2013. Pauwels L, 2013. Appraisal of St. Augustinegrasses for south Florida. 24 (2), 202-222. BUFFALO professional South African courier service providers, South Africa has a local area of 35,000 square meters of land, customs bonded warehouses 6,000 square meters, delivery vehicles 30, 50 distribution workers. eFloras, 2013. http://indiabiodiversity.org/, Brundu G; Camarda I, 2013. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 114(2):161-169. It is tolerant of salinity to 15 dS per cm. (1990b) grew S. secundatum and two other grass species in pots, outdoors but under different levels of shade and in the second year with two levels of nitrogen fertiliser. Guinea grass). A dynamic company, and a brand that is known the world over. This type of grass is recommended for coastal regions that receive regular rainfall. www.europe-aliens.org. It has been labelled a ‘garden thug’ in Australia, as it can spread and swamp other vegetation (Herbiguide, 2013). In: Global Environmental Research, 8 (2) 171-191. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. The form ‘variegatum’ is used as a decorative plant in hanging baskets (Mabberley, 1997). Upper glume apex acute. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. In Australia and South Africa, it is known as Buffalo Grass. Flora of New Zealand - Vol. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young shoots and emerging leaves. by Edgar, E.\Connor, H. E.]. In America, it is known as St Augustine grass. Leaf-blade apex obtuse. S. secundatum is a coarse, hardy but frost-sensitive perennial grass that rarely produces seed but spreads rapidly by means of its short branched rhizomes and long, arching stolons. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/, Biodiversity India, 2013. by Alldous, D. E.\Chivers, I. H.]. eFloras, 2013. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Weeds of Australia, 2013. Sheep are low-strata grazers. The only downside it doesn’t tolerate foot traffic well, and must be kept no shorter than 5”. The establishment rate from stolons is not fast except in very warm climates (Aldous and Chivers, 2002). S. secundatum is native to the Caribbean, South America, parts of North America and parts of Africa; it has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands, some US states and other parts of Africa. xlii + 23 + 650 pp. It is a coarse, hardy perennial, which creeps by stolons only, to form a dense, bright green sward. Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 and older will no longer be supported by Gumtree after Dec 31st, 2020. 05. A.]. (Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique central)., http://users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, PIER, 2013. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Leaf-sheaths keeled. CAB Abstracts Data Mining., CABI, Undated. It has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands (Samoa, the Marshall Islands, New Caledonia, Hawaii and Midway), some US states and parts of Africa. Samarakoona SP; Shelton HM; Wilson JR, 1990. These large herds break into smaller groups … It stays green throughout the year. U kan van hoë gehalte vakmanskap en aandag aan detail … In: Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/. Buffalo lawns grow slowly and are therefore low maintenance. Sauer JD, 1972. Howell C, 2008. Amarillo, Aeschynomene americana cv. REQUEST TO REMOVE Cape Buffalo - … Edgar E, Connor H E, 2010. The triploid and rarely seeding Cape deme of the species was first collected in 1791 (Sauer, 1972) and the many plants to which it has given rise by stolon transfer are now over 200 years old. The African buffalo are bulk grazers and convert long grasslands to shorter grassy environments in the bushveld plains of South Africa. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. In little more than 100 years this subgroup had been introduced around the world and become widely naturalised, displacing other races of S. secundatum and invading new territory. http://www.herbiguide.com.au/. So the original statement is true, all fertilisers work. The Buffalo grass does very well in Sandy areas. S. secundatum has been implicated in calcinosis (build-up of calcium deposits in the tissues) in cattle in Jamaica, although livestock throughout the tropics have grazed the grass without apparent adverse effects (Tropical Forages, 2013). Rhachis flattened; terminating in a barren extension; extension subulate. S. secundatum can be confused with other summer-active, fast growing, stoloniferous grasses like Cenchrus clandestinus (formerly Pennisetum clandestinum) or Axonopius spp. Habit: perennial; mat forming. A morphologically distinct subgroup of S. secundatum (a sterile triploid clone, termed a ‘deme’ by Sauer), originally confined to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa, has become particularly widespread, transported by humans primarily as a lawn grass. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. India Biodiversity Portal., http://indiabiodiversity.org/, Brundu G, Camarda I, 2013. 457 The Buffalo-grass has a large broad, corrugated leaf, and is greedily eaten by horses and cattle. http://plants.usda.gov/. Online Database. Specially developed for South African Conditions. Widespread across Southern and Central Africa and the Mediterranean. Buffalo has a broad dark green leaf. Not much needed. S. secundatum grows on a wide range of well or poorly drained soils, from sandy loams to light clays, and at pH values of 5 to 8.5. Endemic to South Africa, this is the most commonly planted pasture for grazing and haymaking. Before 1800 it was recorded as native in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uruguay, Brazil, Guiana, the West Indies, Bermuda and Carolina, USA (Sauer, 1972). > 0°C, wet all year. U kan van hoë gehalte vakmanskap en aandag aan detail … Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2013. We work, deliver and install throughout South Africa. Herbiguide, 2013. Kikuyu Kikuyu is the most common and most … View Gumtree Free Online Classified Ads for buffalo grass and more in South Africa. lawns south africa buffalo grass seeds Kommetjie greenview farming instant lawns. Lemma apex acute. We undertake ground preparation prior to installation as well as supplying compost, mulch, lawndressing and chicken litter. S. secundatum is a coarse, hardy but frost-sensitive perennial grass that rarely produces seed but spreads rapidly by means of its short branched rhizomes and long, arching stolons. McDonalds Seeds are suppliers of bulk tropical and sub tropical grass seed in South Africa. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young plant with young inflorescences. S. secundatum is used as a lawn grass in many of the warmer parts of the world. Normally they are retained within the spikelets attached to disarticulating segment of the inflorescence axis; these segments are buoyant until they become waterlogged and then sink, after 7 to 10 days. Buffalo develops a thick mat and although rather coarse in texture it is hard wearing. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Weber (2003, cited in PIER, 2013) listed glyphosate, dalapon and 2,2-DPA as herbicides used to control of S. secundatum. S. secundatum is also used as a sand binder or for soil conservation groundcover under trees or near the sea (Mabberley, 1997; Tropical Forages, 2013). Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; 7–9 -veined; without grooves; acute. In North America, 70% of Texan types of S. secundatum were fertile diploids, whereas Florida types included diploid, triploid and tetraploid types (Long and Bashaw, 1961). Reports on the seed production of S. secundatum differ from place to place, some reporting that seeds and stems are the means of spread (e.g. It grows best in areas with rainfall from 1000 to 2000 mm, although it will colonise moister places in areas down to 750 mm (Tropical Forages, 2013). Wellington, New Zealand: A.H. & A.W. Central inflorescence axis 2–10 cm long; corky; tough; tip subulate. The top yield of S. secundatum was higher in shade than under full sun, except when the plants were grown at the higher level of nitrogen in the second year. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2013. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Buffalo grass is indigenous to sub tropical areas. There’s also the forest buffalo, the West Africa savanna buffalo, and the Central Africa savanna buffalo. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Voluntary feed intake by sheep and digestibility of shaded Stenotaphrum secundatum and Pennisetum clandestinum herbage. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). S. secundatum grows best at between 20o and 30oC, with the minimum temperature for growth is 10oC (Tropical Forages, 2013). Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Stolons present. Trailing stems at the edge of infestations (along footpaths or roadsides, for example) can be pulled out (PIER, 2013). Tropical Forages (2013) listed a number of cultivars of S. secundatum, mostly from the USA, that are used for turf grasses or forage. It is well-adapted to summer rainfall areas with rainfall exceeding 650mm/annum, but will survive with a minimum rainfall of 450mm/ annum. http://www.europe-aliens.org/. In its native environment, S. secundatum is found in moist swampy soils, mostly near the coast. Weber E, 2003. http://www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS, 2013. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 548 pp. The effects of two heights of cutting and three fertility levels on the yield, protein content and species composition of a tropical kudzu and molasses grass pasture. • Buffalo is less invasive to flower beds, pathways, etc. Find buffalo grass in South Africa! Global Environmental Research, 8(2):171-191. Buffel grass is a highly variable, tufted tussock-forming perennial grass (Ecoport, 2010; FAO, 2010; Cook et al., 2005).It has a deep, tough rootstock that may go as deep as 2 m. There are seven tropical and warm-zone species of Stenotaphrum, of which S. secundatum is the best known (Mabberley, 1991). http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, FAO, 2013. Yield is between 8t/ha and 20t/ha. Invasive plant species of the world: A reference guide to environmental weeds. americanum (Schrank) Hack. Digitaria eriantha (Smuts finger grass) Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and new regulations for prevention of their adverse effects. It is particularly well suited to the muck soils of the Florida Everglades coastal sands (FAO, 2013). http://www.itis.gov/. It can produce a dense sward that inhibits the growth of many weedy species. Australia, New Zealand, South America, West Africa and South Africa are some of the main areas of distribution. S. secundatum is native to the Caribbean, South America, and parts of North America, Asia and Africa. It lives in swamps and floodplains, as well as mopane grasslands and forests of the major mountains of Africa.. Palea chartaceous (papery). Buffalograss (one word) is the common name of Panicum maximum (cf. The flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. Culms prostrate; 10-30 cm long. Organic fertilizers such as Bounce back can also be applied. Your email address will not be published. It is not suitable for sandy areas, but will withstand extreme heat, drought and cold. S.SECUNDATUM is one of the species of STENOTAPHRUM. Lemma margins flat. DOC Research and Development Series, No.292:42 pp. Indigenous to the coastal areas of South Africa, buffalo lawn is a slow growing but very strong lawn with a coarse and broad texture. Growth, morphology and nutritive quality of shaded Stenotaphrum secundatum, Axonopus compressus and Pennisetum clandestinum. Buffalo grass will develop a reasonable good cover in 6 to 8 weeks during the growing months, provided regular feeding and water is maintained after planting. The Cynodon is a grey to green of color. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/, DAISIE, 2013. Once established, it requires less water than other cultivars, like kikuyu. Second edition. Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi) (Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique central). Herbiguide. Leaf-blades conduplicate (folded together lengthwise); 2–15 cm long; 4–9 mm wide. DOI:10.2307/2805871, Tropical Forages, 2013. Grass root runners are planted in shallow furrows just below the surface. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Weeds of Australia, 2013. GRASS ZA was established in 1984 under the name K. Lautenschläger (Pty) Ltd, and started its operations in Cape Town. Characteristics: Drought tolerant grass used for grazing and hay production. Bloubuffelgras, Blue Buffalo Grass Cenchrus ciliaris is a tufted, shrubby perennial grass with bright green to blue-green leaves that are up to a metre long. Molopo: From North West Province, South Africa. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 858 pp. Sauer (1972) documented the history of the spread of the species from its initial distribution on both sides of the tropical and sub-tropical Atlantic to many parts of the world. Lower glume apex obtuse. Required fields are marked *, Please tell me at what frequency regular watering of Buffalon grass should occur (once established) e.g. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 114(2):143-150. The form most commonly used for lawns is the triploid Cape deme, which does not form seeds, but can still spread very quickly in warmer climates by means of its far-creeping stolons. This is also a popular type of grass for many people. Sydney, Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens. ; however, S. secundatum is a very coarse grass, blue-green in colour, with characteristic broad, flattened seed heads with the spikelets embedded in the main axis. Buffalo lawn is a great choice for areas that don’t receive sun all day as it has a high shade tolerance. There are several morphologically distinct subgroups of S. secundatum, termed ‘demes’ by Sauer (1972). The species has been adopted by smallholders grazing cattle under coconuts in the Pacific Islands because of its ease of establishment and tolerance of long-term heavy grazing (Mullen and Shelton, 1996). © 2020 Cape Organic. The adventive flora in Canterbury. Sauer (1972) suggested that the inflorescences of almost all the species of Stenotaphrum show adaptations for dispersal of the seeds by ocean currents. Prescott RA; Potter PC, 2001. Buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.) is a valuable tropical grass cultivated in Africa, Australia, and India.Morphology. CABI Data Mining, 2001. Stenotaphrum secundatum: a valuable forage species for shaded environments. Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool. S. secundatum is active only in the warmer months of the year in temperate and sub-tropical climates but may be active throughout the year in the wet tropics. Pauwels L, 2013. A morphologically distinct sub-group of the S.SECUNDATUM was originally confined to the Cape of Good Hope region. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Field Notes Preferring to grow in hot and arid areas, this grass is resistant to drought. Next, get to know the grazing habits of the various livestock species on different types of veld such as grassveld, mixed veld, shrub veld or tree veld (savannah). Long JA; Bashaw EC, 1961. Florets: basal sterile florets male; with palea. Diploid types are apparently more tolerant of cold and frost than many tropical grasses, although triploid types (like the common Cape deme) have poor cold season growth. Since 1900 the race previously present has been replaced by the Cape deme on Norfolk Island and the North Island of New Zealand. S. secundatum is native to the Caribbean, South America, parts of North America and parts of Africa; it has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands, some US states and other parts of Africa. Buffalo grass or St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) Buffalograss, another name for Guinea grass (Panicum maximum) Buffalo grass or carabao grass (Paspalum conjugatum) This page is an index of articles on plant species (or higher taxonomic groups) with … , Arachis pintoi cv allergenicity and cross-reactivity of buffalo regions that receive regular rainfall deciduous with accessory structures. ) listed glyphosate, dalapon and 2,2-DPA as herbicides used to control of secundatum! Were highly sterile Caro-Costas R ; Figarella J, 1953 )., http:.. 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