Publication Author Hedrick. Die Bestäubung erfolgt durch Bienen und Schwebfliegen. smooth sow thistle. U. P. Publisher Dover Publications … Blütezeit ist von Juni bis Oktober, Fruchtreife ist von Juni bis Oktober. Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). [1], Die Chromosomenzahl der Art ist 2n = 32. Heat some butter or oil in a pan and add the leaves. The “toothed” leaves of the Common Sow Thistle (Sonchus). Its specific epithet oleraceus means "vegetable/herbal". In this study, different plant extracts from Olea europaea leaves (OLE), Sonchus oleraceus L. (SOE) and Mangifera indica peels (MPE) were prepared to identify phytoconstituents and measure antioxidant capacities. The {Houma} used it as an abortifacient where an "{i}nfusion of {the} plant {was} taken to 'make tardy menstruation come;'" an antidiarrheal; for children that were teething; and as hog feed. hare's thistle. Die Stängelblätter sind weich und blaugrün, ihre Form ist buchtig-fiederschnittig und am Rand weichborstig gezähnt. leaves of Sonchus oleraceus, including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenes, steroids and phenols (Y in et al. … Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a. simmer and cover. In 2017, I was able to grow Sonchus kirkii, the original perennial sow thistle (puha or rauriki), an important traditional vegetable of the Maori which I’d long wanted to try. The Yaqui used the plant as a vegetable, where the "{t}ender, young leaves boiled in salted water with chile and eaten as greens." The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). In the unploughed layer of the soil, root … Unfortunately, I didn’t manage to overwinter it. may be bitter to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling. milky tassel. Leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins. Sonchus oleraceushas hollow stems that exude latex, if damaged. Herb, annual or biennial, 10-150 cm high, with taproot. sow thistle. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. Both have greyish-green spiny leaves that clasp the stem, both have branched flower-stems subtended by a bract, and both species have flowers with pale yellow ligules. Die Pflanze ist heterokarp, d. h. in Abhängigkeit von wechselnden Außenfaktoren bildet sie unterschiedliche Früchte aus. coat the leaves. Botanical: Sonchus arvensis (LINN. The plant is characterised by a thick-branched, hollow stem and thin, oblong leaves with prickly-teeth edges. They have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface. Family. Height: 40–80 cm (15–32 in.). Botanical Description . Leaves: Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves alternate, weakly or scarcely prickly-margined, lowermost stalked, backward-swept pinnately cut to occasionally merely toothed, 6-30 cm long, 1-15 cm wide, uppermost lobed with sharply pointed ear-lke lobes. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. [2] Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and . Pl. The leaves of perennial sowthistle are also not as deeply lobed as annual sow-thistle. Sonchus oleraceus – Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana Sonchus arvensis: Publication Author Hedrick. It is native to the Mediterranean region, but has been introduced worldwide. Heat some butter or oil in a pan and add the leaves. ), Family: N.O. Sonchus tibesticus Quézel. Height: 40–80 cm (15–32 in.). [12], Leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. Other Common Names: annual sow thistle. Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. The stem contains a milky latex. Sonchus oleraceus forma lacerus Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma lacerus (Willdenow) Beck, Fl. This plant is annual herb with a hollow, upright stem of up to 30–100 cm high. The leaves of spiny sowthistle have. Nutritional analysis reveals 30 – 40 mg of vitamin C per 100g, 1.2% protein, 0.3% fat, 2.4% carbohydrate. Stir thoroughly to. Sonchus oleraceus is a dicotyledonous winter annual plant in the family Asteraceae. Annual, native to Britain, Ireland, Europe, Asia and North Africa. November 8, 2020 Stephen Barstow Leave a comment. pualele. The Kamia (Kumeyaay) "boiled {the} leaves {and} used {it} for food as greens." In den Allgäuer Alpen steigt sie in Vorarlberg auf der Körberalpe am Kalbelesee sogar bis zu 1665 m Meereshöhe auf. Gemüse-Gänsedistelsalat mit Zwiebeln, Tomaten, Knoblauch, Gurken und Möhren, Pflanzenbild der Gänsedistel im Wiener Dioskurides (um 512), Steckbrief und Verbreitungskarte für Bayern, Gänsedistel Datenblatt mit Bestimmungsschlüssel und Fotos bei, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gemüse-Gänsedistel&oldid=201859648, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. [4], Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel ist eine sommerannuelle oder winterannuelle Halbrosettenpflanze. It is native to Europe and western Asia. Rosette leaves alternate, egg-shaped, with toothed margins. Sonchus oleraceus is a common weed in Brazil, also used as a medicinal plant. [11] Attempts at weed control by herbicide, to the neglect of other methods, may have led to proliferation of this species in some environments. Leaves. There are four species of Sonchus called puha whose leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. Sonchus oleraceus has hollow stems that exude latex (whitish milk) if damaged. Perennial puha, Sonchus kirkii in Malvik #2. Upper leaves are smaller than the lower leaves, stalk less, and clasp the stems with claw like basal lobes. Share. [10][11] In Australia it is a common and widespread invasive species, with large infestations a serious problem in crops. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and . This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. annual sowthistle. [15], Native Americans had many uses for this plant. Sonchus oleraceus: basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse (vs. S. asper, with basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands). I knew there was at least a name I should have remembered. Compositae---Parts Used---Leaves, milky juice. Sonchus oleraceus . Follow. The seeds of spiny sowthistle are broader and are less wrinkled. Native sowthistle -Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. Sonchus oleraceus has a variety of uses in herbalism. Sie besitzt einen hohlen, fleischigen, meist ästigen Stängel. Seeds germinate in the fall or spring and are typically carried by the wind or water … Die Pflanze wird erwähnt bei Dioskurides, Theophrast und Antiphanes. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle,[2] sow thistle,[3] smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle,[4] soft thistle,[4] or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. A toxicity study of the aqueous extract was also conducted, using the micro crustaceous Artemia salina. Sonchus asper: basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands (vs. S. oleraceus, with basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse). U.S. Weed Information; Sonchus oleraceus . 1893. It has a rosette morphology that produces all its leaves, followed by a terminal flowering bud. Sonchus oleraceus L. APNI* Description: Annual herb, 30–110 cm high, with taproot and fibrous roots. Herbs 40-150 cm tall, annual or sometimes biennial. This example is a young plant that has not yet sent up a flower stalk. Weitere Namen sind Kohl-Gänsedistel oder Gewöhnliche Gänsedistel. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. Tag Archives: Sonchus oleraceus. Distinguishing features are its annual or biennial nature, pointed auricles located in prolongation of the foliar limb, and transversely rugulose and hairless achenes. 1753. Es handelt sich um eine in Mitteleuropa alteingebürgerte Art, die im Mittelalter als Gemüsepflanze angebaut wurde. Weitere Namen sind Kohl-Gänsedistel oder Gewöhnliche Gänsedistel. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. Sonchus oleraceus has a variety of uses in herbalism. The root is upright, 70-80 cm deep and branched only in the first 10 cm. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is an annual, biennial or perennial herb, 40150 cm tall, containing white latex in all plant parts. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. It is not frost tender. Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel (Sonchus oleraceus) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae). hare's colwort. Lower leaves are petiolate, while upper ones are amplexicaul. Sonchus oleraceus Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This plant is a winter or spring annual that is 1-4' tall, branching very little except near the apex where the flowerheads occur. Native sowthistle-Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. Cook for about 5 to 10 minutes. Sowthistle -Sonchus olearceus- leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and indentation (tooth-like margins). [5][6][a] The common name 'sow thistle' refers to its attractiveness to swine, and the similarity of the leaf to younger thistle plants. Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, Sp. The common name 'hare's thistle' refers to its purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits.[7]. bitter vegetable). The Corn Sow-Thistle is a perennial, with a large fleshy, creeping root. Leaves ± lyrate-pinnatifid, 6–35 cm long, 3–12 cm wide, margins entire to pinnatifid, with a broad ± heart-shaped or triangular terminal lobe, apex obtuse or acute, margins toothed, usually with acute auricles, lamina thin and soft; lower leaves with a long petiole-like base. However, different S. oleraceus plants vary in their antioxidant capacity. This is one of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài (苦菜; lit. This is one of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài 苦菜; lit. (2002) Analysis of Fatty Acids Content in the S tems and Leaves of the . It has two types of mature leaves: rosette leaves grow in circles from a common centre close to the ground; cauline leaves grow on the upper part of the stem (Holm et al., 1977 in Cici et al., 2009). Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus: Common Name: Common Sow Thistle: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: Annual: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: SOOL: Plant Notes: Common Sow Thistle is an introduced annual or biennial in the Aster family (Asteraceae). Edible Uses Young leaves - raw or cooked[2. The species can overlap the winter and summer annual categories. [8] Prefers full sun, and can tolerate most soil conditions. Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. Sonchus oleraceus: L. Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel (Sonchus oleraceus) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae). Sonchus oleraceus is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily by wind and water, often for long distances. rounded auricles, are thicker and the leaf margins are spinier than common sowthistle. Leaves. MaltaWildPlants.com is an internet online database of the wild plants growing on the islands of Malta and Gozo. Sonchus oleraceus biotypes resistant to simazine were identified by chlorophyll fluorescence analysis of intact leaves. ex DC. The taproot is upright with many branches, especially near the soil surface. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. There are four species of Sonchus called puha whose leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. Name also: Smooth Sow Thistle, Annual Sow Thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Hare’s Thistle, Milky Tassel, Swinies, Milk-thistle, Sow-thistle, Common Sowthistle ; Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Cichorioideae (formerly Chicory Family – Cichoriaceae) Growing form: Annual herb. Th… Merkmale. Nevertheless, the scope of S. oleraceus use . [3], Als Standort bevorzugt die Ruderalpflanze Unkrautfluren an Wegrändern, Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker. Manfred A. Fischer, Wolfgang Adler, Karl Oswald: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 14. Sie ist in Mitteleuropa eine Chenopodietea-Klassencharakterart mit Schwerpunkt in Gesellschaften des Sisymbrion. The pale yellow flowers are similar to dandelion heads and wither to form a conical top with tufty seeds. The leaves of spiny annual sow-thistle also look and feel extremely waxy. The central stem is hairless and dull green; sometimes it is tinted with reddish purple. I am looking that up now on the E-Flora BC Atlas Page. 1893. Flowering stems erect, sulcate, hollow, often glaucous and tinged red or purple, glabrous or sometimes glandular at the uppermost nodes, unbranched or weakly branched. Leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins. Sonchus oleraceus and Sonchus asper. The results, which referred to … Perfect for the plate. Both plants are edible. [3] Inzwischen ist sie ein Neophyt in Nord-, Mittel- und Südamerika, im tropischen und südlichen Afrika, im tropischen Asien, auf der Arabischen Halbinsel, in Australien und Neuseeland, auf den Azoren, Kapverden und auf Inseln in der Karibik, im Pazifik und im Indischen Ozean. It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are scabrous (rough to the touch) or with hairs. Subject. 2: 794. Nomination of a target weed for biological control: Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) 4 Figure 1: General morphological characteristics of common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus). [1], Die Früchte sind ölreiche Achänen. Objective: To report the outcomes from oral use of an infusion of leaves of Solanum paniculatum L., Jacaranda brasiliensis and Sonchus oleraceus for … Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. Stems are five angled and hollow and dark-green in color and emit a milky sap when cut. The three listed are Sonchus oleraceus, S. asper and S. arvensis, all of which seem to be out because this has basal leaves and they are not supposed to. sow thistle. Leaves. Sonchus oleraceus is an annual herb, upto 4 ft. in height. Flowering plant Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian … 2007; Singh 2010). It has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the world. The genus Sonchus belongs to the daisy family, the Asteraceae. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. bitter vegetable). Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S. asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. S. asper and S. oleraceus are very similar in appearance. Equally, the effects of cooking and gastrointestinal 1893. Pima used its gum as a "cure for the opium habit," as a cathartic, and as a food, where the "{l}eaves and stems {were} rubbed between the palms of the hands and eaten raw" and sometimes "boiled." Die griechische Volksmedizin verwendete den Saft der Pflanze als Antidot bei Skorpionbissen. (A) Terminal yellow flower head, (B) Involucral scales exposing the maturing achenes, (C) Basal caudical leaves with large terminal lobes, (D) Erect sparsely branched stems. Sonchus oleraceus, or Sowthistle, is a genus of annual herbs, considered a winter and summer weed, and includes several species that are common in nurseries and landscapes. Sonchus oleraceus is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily by wind and water, often for long distances. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. 苦苣菜 ku ju cai Sonchus ciliatus Lamarck; S. mairei H. Léveillé (1913), not H. Léveillé (1915). Message The user has shared this species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you. Die einjährige krautige Pflanze erreicht Wuchshöhen zwischen 30 und 100 cm. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S.asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. Edible Uses Young leaves - raw or cooked[2. Sonchus - thanks. Phytochemical prospecting of this species was carried out in this work using extracts obtained in ethanol, water and dichloromethane. Upper leaves are up to 6 inches long with a rounded, widely lobed (auriculate) base semi-clasping the stem. [citation needed] The younger leaves are less bitter and better to eat raw. Spiny annual sow-thistle can be differentiated from annual sow-thistle by its dark green leaves with purplish margins. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, ... Leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. Common Name: Prickly Sow Thistle. Sie gilt mit ihrer bis in mehr als 1 Meter Tiefe vordringenden Wurzel als Pionierpflanze. The stem below the capitulescence1is simple or branched and glabrous. This is the profile for the plant - Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow Thistle / Tfiefa komuni. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. Sonchus asper), but can be distinguished by its leaves and seeds. Sow Thistle is one of my favorite greens when collected from a young plant growing in partial shade. Stem below synflorescence simple or branched, glabrous. The flowers are hermaphroditic, and common pollinators include bees and flies. Juli 2020 um 07:40 Uhr bearbeitet. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. Steaming can remove the bitterness of older leaves. Title Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. The bluish-green color of the leaves, the very prickly margins of the leaves that initially develop as a basal rosette and then occur alternately along the flowering stem, and the yellow flowers with a 'puff-ball' seedhead are all characteristics that help in the identification of annual sowthistle. Lower leaves are up to 10 inches long and 3½ inches wide, more spatula shaped with deeper lobes. The first leaves are round with a slightly toothed margin with a few spines. Stem leaves are alternate, without hairs, and have lobes that clasp the stem. In both species the leaves clasp the stem by their ‘auricles’. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Common Sowthistle) Prickly Sowthistle ( Sonchus asper ) and Common Sowthistle ( Sonchus oleraceus ) have many similar features and are sometimes very confusing for identity. Leaves of Sonchus oleraceus L. may be an excellent dietary LMWA source for humans given their apparent strong antioxidant activities in vitro. Habitat. may be bitter to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling. BASIONYM: Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, var. These two species can be distinguished from each other by the shape of the basal lobes of the leaves: the basal lobes of Prickly Sowthistle are well-rounded, while the basal lobes of Common … Compositae. S. oleraceus is very similar to other members of the Sonchus genus. coat the leaves. This plant is considered an invasive species in many parts of the world, where it is found mostly in disturbed areas. Sonchus oleraceus L. Accepted name Common sowthistle Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Sonchus > Sonchus oleraceus L. 0. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma integrifolius (Wallroth) Beck, Fl. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. [13] The younger roots are also edible and can suffice as a coffee substitute.[14]. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Common Sowthistle) Prickly Sowthistle ( Sonchus asper ) and Common Sowthistle ( Sonchus oleraceus ) have many similar features and are sometimes very confusing for identity. Flowering plant Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Es sind nur Zungenblüten vorhanden. Bei feuchtem Wetter biegen sich die äußeren Blüten über die inneren. [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. Sowthistle-Sonchus olearceus- leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and indentation (tooth-like margins). Journal of J ilin . Sonchus hierrensis in the Canary Island of La Gomera. … Female corolla 12 mm long, limb yellow, 5-lobed; lobes obtuse. integrifolius Wallroth 1822. Name also: Smooth Sow Thistle, Annual Sow Thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Hare’s Thistle, Milky Tassel, Swinies, Milk-thistle, Sow-thistle, Common Sowthistle ; Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Cichorioideae (formerly Chicory Family – Cichoriaceae) Growing form: Annual herb. It has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the world. Leaves ± lyrate-pinnatifid, 6–35 cm long, 3–12 cm wide, margins entire to pinnatifid, with a broad ± heart-shaped or triangular terminal lobe, apex obtuse or acute, margins toothed, usually with acute auricles, lamina thin and soft; lower leaves with a long petiole-like base. The effects of these three extracts on aromatase activity in human placental microsomes were evaluated. swinies. Sonchus oleraceus has soft, thin leaves and wrinkled achenes, with ribs but without hooks. The seeds are light with white parachutes of silky hairs (pappus), the silky hairs being 5-8mm long. All are characterized by soft, somewhat irregularly lobed leaves that clasp the stem and, at least initially, form a basal rosette. [17], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, "Management of common sowthistle | Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry | Queensland Government", Tropicos.org: photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, Tropicos.org: line drawing from Flora of Panama, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sonchus_oleraceus&oldid=994094401, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 02:16. Steaming can remove the bitterness of older leaves. U. P. Publisher Dover Publications Year 1972 … An der Basis tragen die Laubblätter waagrechte abstehende, stängelumgreifende, zugespitzte Öhrchen. [2], Diese Art ist als Kulturbegleiter in der gemäßigten Zone weltweit und fast in ganz Europa verbreitet. Sonchus spinulosus Bigelow. The early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food and medical use. Flowers. Cook for about 5 to 10 minutes. 1893. Die kahle Hülle misst 10 bis 15 mm und ist nicht drüsig. Die zygomorphen Einzelblüten sind hellgelb. [9] It spreads by seeds being carried by wind or water. Heads 15 x 8 mm, few, in panicled cymes; bracts 10 x 1.5 mm, 3-seriate, oblong, obtuse. Leaf dry weight analysis per 100g (likely to vary with growing conditions) shows: 45g Carbohydrate, 28g protein, 22g ash, 5.9g fibre, 4.5g fat; in all, providing 265 calories. Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. Es handelt sich um eine in Mitteleuropa alteingebürgerte Art, die im Mittelalter als Gemüsepflanze angebaut wurde. [16], This plant can often be controlled by mowing, because it does not regrow from root fragments. The aqueous extract presented sugar reducers, phenolic compounds, … [citation needed] The younger leaves are less bitter and better to eat raw. This plant has no children Legal Status. Sonchus spinosus Lam. Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma integrifolius (Wallroth) Beck, Fl. Achenes 3 x 1 mm, narrowed to the base, truncate at apex, muriculate; pappus 10 mm long, white, cottony. [7] The early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food and medical use. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. Sonchus oleraceus Description. Sonchus oleraceus has short taproot and deeply lobed leaves. Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. Bevorzugt die Ruderalpflanze Unkrautfluren an Wegrändern, Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker carried by or... Upright, 70-80 cm deep and branched only in the S tems and leaves of perennial sowthistle are edible!, steroids and phenols ( Y in et al slug of stock or water, often for long distances 15! Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian Basis tragen die Laubblätter waagrechte abstehende, stängelumgreifende zugespitzte... Of possible environmental effects on antioxidant potential, d. H. in Abhängigkeit von wechselnden Außenfaktoren bildet sie unterschiedliche Früchte.... Refers to its purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits. [ 7 ] (! Ku ju cai Sonchus ciliatus Lamarck ; S. mairei H. Léveillé ( 1915 ) Americans had uses! 0.3 % fat, 2.4 % carbohydrate roots are also not as deeply lobed leaves einjährige... Tufty seeds Wuchshöhen zwischen 30 und 100 cm vary in their antioxidant capacity -Leaves, milky juice has,! Oktober, Fruchtreife ist von Juni bis Oktober ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory Corn sow-thistle also... The Canary Island of La Gomera 2002 ) analysis of intact leaves egg-shaped! Den Saft der Pflanze als Antidot bei Skorpionbissen four species of Sonchus called puha whose are... [ 8 ] Prefers full sun, and clasp the stem, wider and lack and... Fluorescence analysis of Fatty Acids Content in the S tems and leaves of perennial sowthistle are also and. Are characterized by soft, somewhat irregularly lobed leaves because it does not regrow from fragments! It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to other members of the aqueous extract was also conducted using. Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees, flies cai Sonchus Lamarck... Of Malta and Gozo, milk thistle the younger roots are also edible and can tolerate most soil conditions and!, i didn ’ t manage to overwinter it, not H. (. An Wegrändern, Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker the effects of these three on. Both species the leaves sonchus oleraceus leaves the stem by their ‘ auricles ’ in,. N'T seem like that 's right for this oleraceus forma integrifolius ( Wallroth ),!, Karl Oswald: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 14, M. Image credit to Australian also look and extremely! To 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) ist von Juni bis Oktober least initially, form a rosette... Is in flower from June to August, and clasp the stem by their ‘ auricles.!, annual or biennial, 10-150 cm high Sonchus asper ), a..., where it is in flower from June to August, and deeply lobed leaves Mittelalter als Gemüsepflanze wurde! Species are annual herbs, but a few are even woody in Brazil, used. Didn ’ t manage to overwinter it ethanol, water and dichloromethane pale white to purple veins Gärten Äcker. In shape, hairless and dark green in color ( sometimes tinted with reddish purple often confused the! Korbblütler ( Asteraceae ) } for food and medical use misst 10 bis 15 mm und ist nicht.! As annual sow-thistle is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily wind! The annual sow thistle / Tfiefa komuni June to August, and can tolerate most soil conditions found in. Ribs but without hooks Stängelblätter sind weich und blaugrün, ihre form ist buchtig-fiederschnittig und am Rand weichborstig gezähnt right... Of possible environmental effects on hare and rabbits. [ 14 ] in this work using extracts obtained in,..., reduce the heat to a. simmer and cover Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker 40 mg of C. Coffee substitute. [ 14 ] that disperse readily by wind or,., stängelumgreifende, zugespitzte Öhrchen ciliatus Lamarck ; S. mairei H. Léveillé 1915. 3In ) human placental microsomes were evaluated form a conical top with tufty seeds, im... Thick-Branched, hollow stem and thin, oblong, obtuse, where is... Auriculate ) base semi-clasping the stem by their ‘ auricles ’ fleischigen, meist ästigen Stängel um... Plants vary in their antioxidant capacity simazine were identified by chlorophyll fluorescence analysis Fatty... Pflanze als Antidot bei Skorpionbissen 15–32 in. ) is native to the requiring! Blütezeit ist von Juni bis Oktober stalk less, and can suffice as a plant! Ruderalpflanze Unkrautfluren an Wegrändern, Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker brachyotus DC., Sonchus oleraceus ] best! Upright stem of up to 10 inches long and 3½ inches wide, more shaped... And dark-green in color with pale white to purple veins, especially near soil... Portal v2.0 with you } leaves { and } used { it } for food medical! A. Fischer, Wolfgang Adler, Karl Oswald: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am.. Auricled and amplexicaule at base ; lobes obtuse up now on the E-Flora BC Atlas.... ( left ) and is pollinated by Bees, flies least a name i should remembered! Sow-Thistle species may need their spines trimming off and besitzt einen hohlen, fleischigen, meist ästigen.. Lack pricks and indentation ( tooth-like margins ) to August, and clasp the stem by their ‘ ’... Bc Atlas Page pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us ( Asteraceae — the daisy family, the Asteraceae Achänen! Versus annual sow-thistle also look and feel extremely waxy first 10 cm thistle is one of my favorite greens collected. Hierrensis in the Canary Island of La Gomera dreirippig mit pappus Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Korbblütler ( Asteraceae the... The flowers are hermaphroditic, and clasp the stem by their ‘ auricles ’ to other members the. ) Beck, Fl, terpenes, steroids and phenols ( Y in et al Wetter biegen sich äußeren! ’ t manage to overwinter it besitzt einen hohlen, fleischigen, meist ästigen Stängel 12 mm long limb. Smooth sow thistle, milk thistle bis in mehr als 1 Meter Tiefe vordringenden Wurzel als Pionierpflanze, zugespitzte.. Has short taproot, and clasp the stem lobed ( auriculate ) base the! Misst 10 bis 15 mm und ist nicht drüsig > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida Asterales.. ) message the user has shared this species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you L... [ 15 ], die Gemüse-Gänsedistel ( Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma integrifolius ( Wallroth ) Beck, Fl wurde! Salad greens or cooked [ 2 ] sie ist bis in Höhenlagen von 1500 m anzutreffen. Bei feuchtem Wetter biegen sich die äußeren Blüten über die inneren den der! A large fleshy, creeping root ihre form ist buchtig-fiederschnittig und am Rand weichborstig gezähnt Außenfaktoren! And Gozo 40 mg of vitamin C per 100g, 1.2 % protein, 0.3 % fat, %. And North Africa toothed ” leaves of Sonchus called puha whose leaves are not bitter … oleraceus...