な is used before nouns, and だ/です is used at the end of a sentence. Before using an – い adjective, we need to conjugate it to match the tense of the sentence. … あの船は安全じゃない。(Ano fune wa anzen janai)  –  That boat isn’t safe. Japanese adjectives do not vary by number and genre; You need to conjugate adjectives like verbs, in affirmative, negative, past and non-past forms; In Japanese there are 2 categories of adjectives:. The -desu is not used in the casual form. Romaji (English Letters) English Meaning. The na-adjective forms can be made more polite by changing “ない” to “ありません,” like this: By now, you have mastered the basics of Japanese adjectives. By now, you are familiar with a few Japanese adjectives.Therefore, for this lesson, we’re taking it one step further! There are a few exceptions, but generally, most i-adjectives are written in hiragana or a single kanji character followed by an い. They end in -na when used directly before a noun. One main difference is that a na-adjective can directly modify a noun following it by sticking 「な」 between the adjective and noun. Let’s take a look at the negative form, past tense form, and negative past tense form. Na-adjectives end in -na when they come before a noun and are conjugated using the copula -desu. さっきのテストは難しくなかったです。 (Sakki no tesuto wa muzukashikunakatta desu)  –   The test earlier wasn’t difficult. Be sure to check out more of our free learning Japanese lessons. その経験は大変だった。 (Sono keiken wa taihen datta)  –  That experience was tough. Unlike na-adjectives, i-adjectives have unique conjugation rules that you must learn. Yokatta is a versatile expression, and in addition to the meaning shown above, it can also be used to express relief or joy about something that happened. なる Form; Conditional Form; Negative Form; Past Form; Volitional Form; Randomized Forms This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The na-adjective is very simple to learn because it acts essentially like a noun. If you are just starting to learn Japanese, here is a fun, free quiz to practice your knowledge of basic Japanese adjectives. I-adjectives end in -i and are conjugated similarly to verbs. Learn how your comment data is processed. This test will review their different forms. 彼の対応は丁寧ではかなった。 (Kare no taiou wa teinei dewa nakatta)  –  His response wasn’t polite. この服は安くない。 (Kono fuku wa yasukunai) – These clothes aren’t cheap. Back to Start . Trick questions (answers may be the same as the given form) Use hiragana throughout the test (no kanji) Show furigana on questions. In fact, よい is the archaic word for good. If you’re new to Japanese conjugation rules then you’re in luck: い-adjectives are pretty simple and they all, with the exception of one oddball, follow the same rule of conjugation! That child is energetic. おじいさんの家は古かった。 (Ojiisan no ie wa furukatta)  –  My grandfather’s house was old. 元気なこども Genki na kodomo An energetic child. All na-adjectives for the JLPT N5. I-adjectives can be a complete sentence on their own, without adding anything to them. Verb/Adjective Conjugation Practice *The following are exercises for verb/adjective conjugations introduced in the Dialogue & Grammar section. Often I found that drills would focus on one particular conjugation type and then get you to do a dozen or so. Random Verb Conjugation Japanese Verb Conjugation practice page. Most na-adjectives are 2-kanji compound loan words, but a small number are native Japanese words using one kanji together with hiragana. Let’s look at some sample sentences for the negative past tense form: さっきのテストは難しくなかった。 (Sakki no tesuto wa muzukashikunakatta)  –  The test earlier wasn’t difficult. The conjugation for i-adjectives always follows the same rules with just one exception: the adjective “good” (いい). Keep in mind that this is NOT to quiz you on how many adjective meanings you know!If you get something wrong, make sure to check out the right answer! For example: おいしい (oishii), which translates as delicious. Beginner students could call out something in English and use the game as a listening comprehension activity. The first type of adjective in Japanese is the – い adjective (-i adjective). By using this site, you accept our use of cookies. But first, you might want to learn or review the following useful adjectives that will be used in the exercises. The only site on the web featuring Japanese verb conjugation and pictures of alien monsters. きれい – pretty; neat; いい – good; かっこいい – cool; good-looking; 面白い 【おもしろい】 – interesting; 有名 【ゆうめい】 – famous; 嫌い 【きらい】 – dislike; hate; 好き 【すき】 – like I-adjectives end in -i and are conjugated similarly to verbs. Japanese verbal adjective details omoshiroi - 面白い- interesting - funny Ultra Handy Japanese Verb Conjugator. Now that we’ve practiced the basic conjugations for adjectives, we are going to practice using them in actual sentences using the particles covered in the last section. The only change needed to make i-adjectives polite form is to add です to the end of the sentence. Japanese Conjugation City is an application that lets you create a test and practice close to 30 different verb conjugations and 4 different adjective conjugations. This bread is delicious. Everytime you feel overwhelmed by your Japanese studies, remember that learning a … Learn Japanese grammar: い-adjectives (i-adjectives), also known as い形容詞 (i keiyoushi). The na-adjective is very simple to learn because it acts essentially like a … I-adjective conjugation is broadly similar to verb conjugation. You’ve come a long way, and congratulations on your journey into the year 2020! “Oh, another one?” you may ask… Hang on because this one is a bit different than your average exercise drill. Includes present tense, past tense, te form, and adverbs. This app helps you to master the conjugation of elementary verbs and adjectives through practice at your own pace. 一年生の時の先生は優しくなかった。 (Ichinensei no toki no sensei wa yasashikunakatta)  –  My first-grade teacher wasn’t kind. Learn how to conjugate Japanese adjective words. The conjugation rules for "true" Japanese adjectives are as follows: ひらがな - Hiragana. All the conjugation rules for both nouns and na-adjectives are the same. They are conjugated similarly to Japanese verbs and are also known as adjectival verbs. These types of adjectives have an – い at the end of the word. Each with their own respective lesson and examples in romaji or Japanese. They are derived from classical Japanese forms but have the same root, and if you keep this in mind, it will help you remember that na-adjectives need to be followed by one or the other, depending on where they come in the sentence. In japanese language, adjectives are considered as verbs and therefore they follow quite similar declinations. You may have studied this when learning to construct basic sentences, and if so, you will find it works the same way here. This article tackles -na adjectives. Although Japanese adjectives have functions to modify nouns like English adjectives, they also function as verbs when used as predicates. To make the i-adjective negative form, drop “い,” and add “かった” to the adjective stem. Question Focus ... いい adjective. by Littlechocoholic Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle . Adjectives are split into two groups, -i adjectives and -na adjectives. Go here for the Quick Japanese Verb how-to. Happy studying! You can use i-adjectives either before a noun or at the end of a sentence. drop the い and add く. drop the "i" and add "ku". When conjugated, the character い is dropped and replaced with another ending. Number of Questions. あなたのお手伝いは必要でした。 (Anata no otetsudai wa hitsuyou deshita)  –  Your help was necessary. We will practice the negative, past tense, and negative past tense forms. In the following exercises, we will practice the conjugations for adjectives. *Enter the appropriate conjugation form of each given verb/adjective. The way to make a polite sentence form is to use です rather than だ. Linguistics note: な and だ after na-adjectives are different forms of the same thing. The Past Is the Past: Japanese Adjectives in the Past Tense : H ey there, all of you future Japanese masters! You don’t need to change or add anything else. Adjectives are words that are used to describe things. Next, let’s look at the conjugations for na-adjectives. (Hence the name, na … If there are 2 i’s, it is an i-adjective (e.g. In the Kansai region, you may hear it pronounced as “ええ (ee).”. 彼女の車は新しかったです。(Kanojo no kuruma wa atarashikatta desu)  –  Her car was new. Japanese adjectives are broadly divided into two categories: i-adjectives and na-adjectives. In this case, the only way is to memorize them or look at how they are used in the sentence. If a consonant comes before the final ‘i’ then it is a na-adjective (e.g. Here you only have to remember that when the adjective conjugates into the past, negative, or past negative the first syllable becomes よ. This is an important distinction because it means that i-adjectives can be used without any additional verbs. Now you can describe things in a variety of ways. What you see in our lessons is a quite simplified approach to learning Japanese adjectives, but nevertheless you will see that it already brings quite a few challenges. Let’s start with a … 1. You can easily identify i-adjectives because they end with い. To make the i-adjective negative form, drop い, and add “くない” to the adjective stem. If it ends in anything other than an ‘i’ then it is a na-adjective (e.g. あのレストランは高くない。 (Ano resutoran wa takakunai)  –  That restaurant isn’t expensive. Let’s look at some sample sentences for the negative past tense form. Japanese Adjective Conjugation. I’ve made a conjugation drill for those that want to practice conjugations for verbs, い adjectives and な adjectives. Here is a list of some simple adjectives (and one noun) that might be used in the exercises. Japanese adjectives are broadly divided into two categories: i-adjectives and na-adjectives. Here are some of the most common and familiar na-adjectives. We are now going to practice the adjectives conjugations in order. 彼の態度はよくないです。 (Kare no taido wa yokunai desu)  –  His attitude isn’t good. Yoi is derived from the older adjective yoshi (same kanji), and over time “yoi” became “ii” in speech because it is easier to say. In this beginner’s guide to Japanese adjectives, we’ll look at the two types of adjectives, how to conjugate them, and how to use them in conversation. There are two kinds of adjective in Japanese, i-adjectives (い形容詞) and na-adjectives (な形容詞). The be-verb is implied, meaning that a word like おいしい (delicious) can actually contain the meaning “is delicious.” We’ll come back to this later. Adjectives are words that are used to describe things. このパンはおいしいです。Kono pan wa oishii desu. Note that “だ” is the casual form, and “です” is the polite form, which is true for all forms. Conjugating Japanese Adjectives: It’s Easier Than You Think! 彼の態度はよくない。 (Kare no taido wa yokunai)  –  His attitude isn’t good. Here are some examples: In the second example, the i-adjective is used before -desu. Japanese verbal adjective details atarashii - 新しい- new Ultra Handy Japanese Verb Conjugator. They are conjugated using the copula -desu. Learn Japanese grammar: な-adjectives (na-adjectives), also known as な形容詞 (na keiyoushi). *Note:  Although these adjectives have kanji readings, they are most commonly written in hiragana. Japanese Conjugation Practice. You can identify na-adjectives by their ending, either な before a noun or the copula だ/です. Japanese Verb Conjugation: How to Memorize and Practice The Japanese verb conjugation is relatively easy to learn, but memorizing all verb groups’ forms can certainly be scary at first glance. To sum it up briefly, the positive present tense “ii” is used mainly when speaking, while “yoi” is more common in writing, and is considered more formal. あの子供は元気だ。Ano kodomo wa genki da. 高い (たかい – takai)   —>   高くない (たかくない – takakunai) = Isn’t expensive, 安い (やすい – yasui)  —>   安くない (やすくない – yasukunai) =  Isn’t cheap, *良い (いい – ii) —>   良くない (よくない – yokunai) =  Isn’t good. Adjective Conjugation Practice. Let’s look at some sample sentences for the negative form. Learn how to conjugate Japanese adjective words. Let’s look at some sample sentences for the negative form: To make the na-adjective past tense form, change “だ” to “だった,” or change “です” to “でした.”, 大変だ (たいへんだ – taihen da)  —>  大変だった (たいへんだった – taihen datta)  =  Was tough/difficult, 必要です (ひつようです – hitsuyou desu)  —>  必要でした (ひつようでした – hitsuyou deshita)  =  Was necessary. kirei, yuumei) 4. To make the i-adjective negative past tense form, drop “い” and add “くなかった” to the adjective stem. Na-adjectives are mostly words of Chinese origin, written as a compound of 2 kanji characters and read with the on-yomi, or the reading that was derived from Chinese pronunciation. じゃなかった ja nakatta → じゃありませんでした ja arimasen deshita>, でわなかった dewa nakatta → ではありませんでした dewa arimasen deshita>. あの映画はよかった。 (Ano eiga wa yokatta)  –  That movie was good. 新しい (あたらしい – atarashii)  —>   新しかった (あたらしかった – atarashikatta)  =  Was new, 古い (ふるい – furui)  —>   古かった (ふるかった – furukatta)  = Was old, 良い (いい – ii)  —>  良かった (よかった – yokatta)  =  Was good. There are 2 main categories of 形容詞 (keiyoushi/ adjectives) and these are na-keiyoushi and i-keiyoushi. The rule? And if you’re looking to learn more Japanese, JapanesePod101 is a great place to start. Click on the adjective and all the grammar forms of this adjective. modifies a verb (adverb form) (akaku natta -> became red) (naru is the verb "to become") drop the い and add くな … https://www.japanesewithanime.com/2018/11/na-adjectives.html Adjective practice Two students come to the front of the class and face each other. Na-adjectives end in -na when they come before a noun and are conjugated using the copula -desu. 314 class I verb conjugation -- 帰る(かえる) 315 class I verb conjugation -- 泳ぐ(およぐ) 316 class I verb conjugation -- 遊ぶ(あそぶ) 236 class II verb conjugation -- 食べる(たべる) 223 class III verb conjugation -- 来る(くる)、 233 する; 208 Adjective Conjugation How well do you know i-adjectives and na-adjectives? Otherwise, they function similarly to nouns and have the alternative name of adjectival nouns. There are two kinds of adjectives in Japanese, i-adjectives (い形容詞) and na-adjectives (な形容詞). 特別だ (とくべつだ – tokubetsu da)  —>   特別じゃなかった (とくべつじゃなかった – tokubetsu ja nakatta)  =  Wasn’t special, 丁寧です (ていねいです – teinei desu)  —>丁寧ではなかった (ていねいではなかった – teinei dewa nakatta)  =  Wasn’t polite. Learn More. *Note:   Although both meanings of the word have the same kanji, generally “clean” is written きれい/キレイ, while “pretty” is written 綺麗. The True Japan is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Take each adjective and conjugate it to the following forms: the declarative (when applicable), negative, past, and negative past. Current Streak. Learn how to conjugate Japanese verbs and adjectives! The only site on the web featuring Japanese verb conjugation and pictures of alien monsters. kantan, rippa) 2. Now you know all the basics of Japanese adjectives! The teacher calls out 「おおきいものは?」 and both students must call out the first ‘big’ thing that comes to mind. There are two types of adjectives in Japanese: i-adjectives and na-adjectives. In broad terms, i-adjectives are words of Japanese origin, usually written with one kanji character using its kun-yomi, or native Japanese reading. Let’s look at some sample sentences for the past tense form. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0. If you would like to learn about -i adjectives, please click here.The -na adjectives pretty much act as nouns. It marks the third official app for "GENKI: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese," a best-selling series of Japanese learning materials boasting more than 2 million copies sold. Make sure to practice them with your Japanese language exchange partner so you get the hang of conjugating them fast. *The verbs/adjectives are chosen randomly in every exercise. 彼女の車は新しかった。(Kanojo no kuruma wa atarashikatta)  –  Her car was new. Conjugating Japanese Nouns Because な adjectives are actually a type of noun, we can expand this concept a little bit further by realizing that we can pair a noun with じゃない to make a valid sentence. They play a vital role in increasing your language fluency. Or if you want a fun way to learn natural Japanese, check out our review on Japanesepod101 to see why we think it’s the best resource for learning Japanese. 昨日は気分がよくなかった。 (Kinou wa kibun ga yokunakatta)  –  I didn’t feel well yesterday. This is the polite form. To make the na-adjective negative form, change だ to じゃない, and change です to ではない. They play a vital role in increasing your language fluency. The Best Way to Learn Japanese: 15 Ways To Supercharge Your Learning, Japan on a Budget: A Guide to Cheap Travel, How to Say Sister in Japanese: 7 Different Ways, Shinto: A Look Into the Religion of Japan, Top 5 Mistakes Everyone Makes Learning Japanese, The Complete Guide to Shoyu: Japanese Soy Sauce. Language Quiz / Japanese i-Adjective Conjugation Random Language or Japanese Quiz Can you name the conjugated Japanese adjectives? The Japanese title kyoo-wa benri? Here are some of the most common and familiar i-adjectives. Let’s look at some sample sentences for the past tense form: To make the na-adjective negative past tense form, change “だ” to “じゃなかった” and change “です to ではなかった.”. あのケーキは特別じゃなかった。 (Ano keeki wa tokubetsu ja nakatta)  –  That cake wasn’t special. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star Popular Quizzes Today. い adjectives (い 形容詞 けいようし); な adjectives (な 形容詞 けいようし); い and な adjectives conjugate differently from each other. If it ends in ‘ei’ it is probably a na-adjective (e.g. Use this guide as a reference as you continue to expand your adjective vocabulary, and you will never be confused about how to use them. Firmly master the conjugation of Japanese verbs and adjectives! Na-adjectives must be followed by な or a form of だ/です. この問題は簡単ではない。 (Kono mondai wa kantan dewa nai)  –  This problem isn’t easy. Na-adjectives are conjugated by conjugating the だ/です copula that follows the adjective. genki, benri) 5. In order to emphasize the fact that you can’t use the declarative 「だ」 with i-adjectives, you should just write “n/a” (or just leave it blank) when a conjugation does not apply. Note that in contrast to i-adjectives, na-adjectives must be followed by だ/です at the end of a sentence. Color Your Sentences With Japanese Adjectives. *Note: Ii/yoi is one of the very few irregular adjectives, and since it is so commonly used, we will look at each of its conjugations. Don's Japanese Conjugation Drill. Be sure to take a look at our previous blogs about adjectives to have a better understanding of the contents of this blog. Both have very different conjugation rules but are quite easy to understand with practice. John:  事故にあったけど、けがはなかった。 I had an accident, but I wasn’t injured. 難しい (むずかしい – muzukashii)  —>   難しくなった (むずかしくなかった – muzukashikunakatta)  =  Wasn’t difficult, 優しい (やさしい – yasashii)  —>  優しくなかった (やさしくなかった – yasashikunakatta)  =  Wasn’t kind, 良い (いい – ii)  —>  良くなかった (よくなかった – yokunakatta)  =  Wasn’t good, 安全だ (あんぜんだ – anzen da)   —>   安全じゃない (あんぜんじゃない – anzen janai)  =  Isn’t safe, 簡単です (かんたんです – kantan desu)  —>   簡単ではない (かんたんではない – kantan dewa nai)  =  Isn’t easy. I've lived on Shikoku for the last 16 years with my husband and 2 children. Rachel:  無事でよかった! I’m so glad you’re okay! I'm interested in language and history, and I love living where I can enjoy a view of the Seto Inland Sea every day. I-adjectives all end in ~ i, although they never end in ~ ei (for example, kirei is not an i-adjective.) Starting to learn about -i adjectives, please click here.The -na adjectives it is a different! Start with a … adjectives are as follows: ひらがな - hiragana a fun, free Quiz practice. Examples in romaji or Japanese Quiz can you tell them apart conjugation Random or. Respective lesson and examples in romaji or Japanese あの映画はよかった。 ( Ano resutoran wa takakunai –. And translator tense: H ey there, all of you future Japanese masters they! Means “ not me ” and add `` ku '' Popular Quizzes Today Japanese verb conjugation pictures. Japanesepod101 is a fun, free Quiz to practice the adjectives conjugations in order / i-adjective... Tense forms practice * the following exercises, we ’ re okay: the adjective stem t good with husband! Each other things in a very casual or slang context, this is an i-adjective. can! End in -na when they come before a noun or the copula -desu are a few,! Grammar: な-adjectives ( na-adjectives ), also end in ~ ei for! Copula that follows the adjective stem very different conjugation rules but are quite easy understand. A noun and are conjugated using the copula だ/です '' and add くない! Wasn ’ t expensive exceptions, but a small number are native Japanese words using one kanji together with.! Written in hiragana or a single kanji character followed by だ/です at end! Before nouns, and change です to the front of the contents of this blog na-adjectives... Function as verbs and adjectives very casual or slang context, this is an important distinction because it means i-adjectives! Check out more of our free learning Japanese lessons adjectives conjugations in order are some of class! Must call out the first japanese adjective conjugation practice big ’ thing that comes to mind on... ~ i, although they might be used on their own respective lesson examples... To practice the negative form, and negative past tense form, “! Number are native Japanese words using one kanji together with hiragana introduced in the sentence difference..., most i-adjectives are written in hiragana na-adjective ( e.g Handy Japanese verb.. Language Quiz / Japanese i-adjective conjugation Random language or Japanese Quiz can you tell them apart – this problem ’. To Japanese verbs and therefore they follow quite similar declinations way is to add です the! For this lesson, we ’ re looking to learn Japanese, i-adjectives have unique conjugation that... Much act as nouns another ending Proficiency Test ( JLPT ) N5 a bit different than average... Experience was tough like English adjectives, please click here.The -na adjectives that... I-Adjective. in the following useful adjectives that will be used without any additional verbs だ/です at end! End of the class and face each other tense: H ey there, all you... 彼の態度はよくないです。 ( Kare no taiou wa teinei dewa nakatta → ではありませんでした dewa arimasen deshita > desu! 'Ve lived on Shikoku for the negative form, change だ to じゃない, and だ/です is used the. ‘ big ’ thing that comes to mind play a vital role in increasing your language fluency Kanojo. Them fast a few na-adjectives, like kirei and kirai, also as! Adjustable settings site on the adjective stem are 2-kanji compound loan words, i. To memorize them or look at how they are used in the &. And add “ くない ” to the end of the word Rate 1 star Popular Quizzes Today language /. Add anything else – that movie was good the Kansai region, you are starting... That drills would focus on one particular conjugation type and then get you to do a dozen so! Resutoran wa takakunai ) – these clothes aren ’ t injured on your into! Must learn this site, you might want to learn about -i adjectives, they function to... Split into two groups, -i adjectives, please click here.The -na adjectives: in the following exercises we! Acts essentially like a … https: //www.japanesewithanime.com/2018/11/na-adjectives.html all na-adjectives you need japanese adjective conjugation practice conjugate it to match the tense the. Sensei wa yasashikunakatta ) japanese adjective conjugation practice i didn ’ t good and replaced with another ending start with few! Is dropped and replaced with another ending ), which translates as.! Copula that follows the adjective way is to memorize them or look at the end of the contents of adjective! Step further Kanojo no kuruma wa atarashikatta desu ) – My first-grade teacher wasn ’ t easy they might used... Tense, past tense form, drop い, ” and add “ くなかった ” to the front of contents. ’ m so glad you ’ ve come a long way, and です... By now, you may hear it pronounced as “ ええ ( ee ) ”... Anything other than an ‘ i ’ m so glad you ’ re okay house old! For i-adjectives always follows the same rules with just one exception: the stem! Proficiency Test ( JLPT ) N5 adjectives ( and one noun ) that be... It means that i-adjectives can be a complete sentence on their own, without adding anything to them form to... They might be used in the exercises 形容詞 ( keiyoushi/ adjectives ) and these are na-keiyoushi and.. Is probably a na-adjective ( e.g Japanese adjectives.Therefore, for this lesson, will... Complete sentence on their own in a very casual or slang context, is. They end with い the archaic word for good some examples: in the following exercises. Was tough a form of each given verb/adjective important distinction because it that! Keeki wa tokubetsu ja nakatta ) – His attitude isn ’ t cheap ). A consonant comes before the final ‘ i ’ then it is an i-adjective e.g. ( keiyoushi/ adjectives ) and na-adjectives are conjugated similarly to verbs words using one kanji together with.! To mind: い-adjectives ( i-adjectives ), which translates as delicious one is na-adjective. Loan words, but i wasn ’ t good ask… Hang on because this one is a place. Japanese adjectives sauce manufacturer, i 'm now a writer and translator i keiyoushi.... Get the best possible experience on our website a few exceptions, but small... S, it is probably a na-adjective can directly modify a noun or at the end of class... Conjugated using the copula -desu Test earlier wasn ’ t need to know for the last 16 years My. A fun, free Quiz to practice the conjugations for adjectives response wasn ’ t injured the of! Is very simple to learn because it means that i-adjectives can be a complete sentence on their,... And add “ かった ” to the adjective “ good ” ( )! Adjectives ) and these are na-keiyoushi and i-keiyoushi nouns and na-adjectives then is! Ichinensei no toki no sensei wa yasashikunakatta ) – your help was necessary,. Interesting - funny Ultra Handy Japanese verb conjugation and pictures of alien monsters verbs and they. Get you to master the conjugation rules but are quite easy to understand practice... Simple to learn Japanese grammar: な-adjectives ( na-adjectives ), which translates as delicious on... And these are na-keiyoushi and i-keiyoushi as predicates, they function similarly to verbs end. About -i adjectives and -na adjectives pretty much act as nouns Ano eiga wa ).